Document Detail

Sonometric study of the normal tricuspid valve annulus in sheep.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15222293     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: Mitral valve dynamic changes during the cardiac cycle have been previously studied in sheep using sonomicrometry. The study aim was to analyze geometric changes of the normal tricuspid annulus in sheep using a similar methodology. This is most likely the first tricuspid valve study using high temporal resolution (200 Hz = 200 data points per second). METHODS: Thirteen crystals were implanted in seven sheep along the annulus (n = 6), at the tips of papillary muscles (n = 3), at the free edge of the leaflets (n = 3), and at the apex of the left ventricle (n = 1). Recordings (10 s) of crystal distances were used to create a three-dimensional (3D) coordinate system based on the least-squares plane of the annulus, and maximum and minimum values were calculated for length, area, and position in xyz coordinates. RESULTS: During the cardiac cycle, the tricuspid annulus area expanded 28.6 +/- 3.6% with similar maximum expansions of each segment along the annulus: septal (10.4 +/- 1.2%), anterior (13.0 +/- 1.5%), and posterior (14.0 +/- 1.6%). The annulus was saddle-shaped, with a circumferential expansion from elliptical at minimum area to more circular at maximum area. The time delay to maximum leaflet area and maximum papillary area occurred 83 +/- 13 ms and 279 +/- 30 ms respectively after maximum annulus area. CONCLUSION: The tricuspid valve undergoes continual and complex geometric changes during the cardiac cycle. In addition, the annulus expands significantly due to similar increases in length of the septal and free wall segments. The annulus is not in a single plane, but is saddle-shaped. The expansion and contraction of the tricuspid valve complex is stepwise, and sequential from base to apex.
Matthew E Hiro; Jerome Jouan; Matthew R Pagel; Emmanuel Lansac; Khee Hiang Lim; Hou-Sen Lim; Carlos M Duran
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of heart valve disease     Volume:  13     ISSN:  0966-8519     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Heart Valve Dis.     Publication Date:  2004 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-06-29     Completed Date:  2004-10-19     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9312096     Medline TA:  J Heart Valve Dis     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  452-60     Citation Subset:  IM    
International Heart Institute of Montana Foundation, St. Patrick Hospital and Health Sciences Center, University of Montana, Missoula, Montana, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Echocardiography, Doppler, Color
Models, Cardiovascular
Myocardial Contraction
Papillary Muscles / physiology,  ultrasonography
Reference Values
Tricuspid Valve / anatomy & histology*,  physiology*,  ultrasonography
Ventricular Function, Left

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