Document Detail


Sonographic screening of mass casualties for abdominal and renal injuries following the 1988 Armenian earthquake.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1994085     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The value of sonography in acute trauma evaluation is generally underestimated, and the opinions are controversial. Sonography was performed as a primary screening procedure in 400 of 750 mass casualty patients with trauma admitted to a large hospital within the first 72 hours after the 1988 Armenian earthquake. Two real-time sector scanners were used in the reception area of the hospital, and the average time spent on one patient was 4 minutes. More than 130 followup sonographic examinations were required. Trauma-associated pathology of the abdomen and retroperitoneal space was detected in 12.8% of the patients, with 1% false negatives and no false positives. The authors believe that sonographic screening of mass casualties is a quick and effective means for detection of abdominal and retroperitoneal injuries. Sonography should be used for this purpose more routinely to gain experience and maintain preparedness of the sonographers for screening of trauma cases in mass casualty situations.
Authors:
A E Sarkisian; R A Khondkarian; N M Amirbekian; N B Bagdasarian; R L Khojayan; Y T Oganesian
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of trauma     Volume:  31     ISSN:  0022-5282     ISO Abbreviation:  J Trauma     Publication Date:  1991 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1991-03-20     Completed Date:  1991-03-20     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376373     Medline TA:  J Trauma     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  247-50     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Ultrasound, Republic Diagnostic Center, Yerevan, Armenia, SSR.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Abdominal Injuries / ultrasonography*
Armenia
Disasters*
Humans
Kidney / injuries*,  ultrasonography

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