Document Detail

Sonographic findings for the common extensor tendon of the elbow in the general population.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21098843     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
OBJECTIVE: To describe structural characteristics and sonographic alterations of the common extensor tendon (CET).
METHODS: In 240 patients, we determined the body mass index; sonographic CET thickness, morphologic characteristics, and alterations; and color Doppler measurements of the epicondylar artery width and peak systolic velocity. Age, sex, epicondylalgia history, activities (work, sports, and hobbies), and dominant and nondominant elbows were noted.
RESULTS: The CET was thicker in the dominant elbow (4.77 versus 4.61 mm [P = .023]), male patients (dominant, 5.09 versus 4.46 mm [P < .001]; nondominant, 5.00 versus 4.21 mm [P < .001]), patients involved in risk activities (dominant, 5.21 versus 4.70 mm [P < .001]; nondominant, 5.12 versus 4.53 mm [P < .001]), and those with a history of epicondylalgia (right, 5.27 versus 4.70 mm [P < .001]; left, 4.86 versus 4.60 mm [P = .316]). Thickness correlated weakly with age (dominant, r = 0.284; nondominant, r = 0.215) and moderately with weight (dominant, r = 0.492; nondominant, r = 0.502). The mean epicondylar artery diameter was 1.35 mm (SD, 0.96 mm); mean peak velocity, 13.01 cm/s (SD, 4.90 cm/s). Morphologic abnormalities were found in 79.5% of patients with a history of epicondylalgia; 7.7% with no history had abnormalities; and 55.9% with abnormalities but no history were older than 55 years. Bone spurs (49.2% versus 16.4% [P < .001]), tendon calcifications (21.5% versus 3.9% [P < .001]), and bone cortex abnormalities (12.3% versus 1.7% [P < .001]) were found more often in non-normal elbows; 79.4% of bone spurs in normal elbows occurred in patients older than 55 years.
CONCLUSIONS: Mild sonographic alterations in the CET and bone spurs should be considered with caution when assessing epicondylar pain, especially in patients older than 55 years and those with a history of epicondylalgia.
Jose I Jaén-Díaz; Eugenio Cerezo-López; Francisco López-de Castro; Maria Mata-Castrillo; Juan P Barceló-Galíndez; Javier De la Fuente; Ramón Balius-Mata
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of ultrasound in medicine : official journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine     Volume:  29     ISSN:  1550-9613     ISO Abbreviation:  J Ultrasound Med     Publication Date:  2010 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-11-24     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8211547     Medline TA:  J Ultrasound Med     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1717-24     Citation Subset:  IM    
Buenavista Health Center, Toledo, Spain.
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