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Sonographic differentiation of partially cystic thyroid nodules: a prospective study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20634308     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: There is no prospective study related to the sonographic differentiation of malignant PCTN from benign PCTN. This prospective study was designed to evaluate differentiation of benign from malignant PCTNs with thyroid sonography.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two hundred thirteen PCTNs in 196 patients who had consecutively undergone prospective sonographic diagnosis and US-FNAB were included. The PCTNs were evaluated according to their configuration and the presence of calcification, a free margin, vascularity, spongiform appearance or daughter cysts, colloid crystal, nodule shape, and echogenicity. Each PCTN was prospectively classified into 1 of 4 diagnostic categories: benign features, probably benign, suspicious for malignancy, and malignant features. We calculated the diagnostic efficacy of a prospective sonographic diagnosis for PCTNs by comparing it with cytopathologic results.
RESULTS: Among the 213 PCTNs, 53 underwent thyroid surgery. The sonographic classifications for 213 PCTNs included benign features (n = 182), probably benign (n = 19), suspicious for malignancy (n = 7), and malignant features (n = 5). When nonsurgical PCTNs (n = 160) with benign sonographic findings and benign cytology were considered negative, the sensitivity, specificity, PPV, NPV, and accuracy of the prospective diagnosis of PCTNs were 72.7%, 98.0%, 66.7%, 98.5%, and 96.7%, respectively. On the basis of individual analysis, eccentric configuration with an acute angle and microcalcifications were significantly associated with malignancy, but a concentric configuration, a smooth free margin, peripheral vascularity, spongiform appearance or daughter cysts, and intranodular colloid crystals showed a statistically significant association with benignity.
CONCLUSIONS: Our prospective sonographic diagnoses of PCTNs, especially those >2 cm, were highly reliable.
Authors:
D W Kim; E J Lee; H S In; S J Kim
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2010-07-15
Journal Detail:
Title:  AJNR. American journal of neuroradiology     Volume:  31     ISSN:  1936-959X     ISO Abbreviation:  AJNR Am J Neuroradiol     Publication Date:  2010 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-11-22     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8003708     Medline TA:  AJNR Am J Neuroradiol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1961-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Radiology, Busan Paik Hospital, Inje University School of Medicine, South Korea. dwultra@lycos.co.kr
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