Document Detail

Some epidemiological and economic aspects of a bluetongue-like disease in cattle in South Africa--1995/96 and 1997.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9809318     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
In December 1995 to March 1996 and the early summer of 1997 South Africa experienced above average rainfall which favoured the occurrence of Culicoides transmitted diseases. During this period several outbreaks of an uncommon disease of cattle occurred over a large part of the country. The clinical signs were similar to those of infection with the viruses of bluetongue (BT) and epizootic haemorrhagic disease of deer (EHD). Virus isolation from cattle and Culicoides yielded both viruses. Dual infections occurred on several farms. Typing of BT isolates yielded types 2, 3, 6 and 8. On at least two farms more than one BT virus serotype was involved. On one farm only EHD virus could be isolated from cattle and Culicoides. Serological tests confirmed that on this farm the disease was caused by EHD. In 1932/33, when a similar disease was reported conditions were vastly different. Rainfall figures show that the 1932/33 season was exceptionally dry. Techniques available at that time could not identify EHD and the cause was reported to be BT. The occurrence of BT in a dry season and over a much wider area than the distribution in South Africa of Culicoides imicola, the only proven vector for BT, is a clear indication that other species less dependent on high rainfall are involved. The present isolation of BT virus from three of five pools of parous C. bolitinos is evidence that this species, which breeds in cattle dung, may be an additional vector for BT.
B J Barnard; G H Gerdes; R Meiswinkel
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Onderstepoort journal of veterinary research     Volume:  65     ISSN:  0030-2465     ISO Abbreviation:  Onderstepoort J. Vet. Res.     Publication Date:  1998 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1999-01-13     Completed Date:  1999-01-13     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0401107     Medline TA:  Onderstepoort J Vet Res     Country:  SOUTH AFRICA    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  145-51     Citation Subset:  IM    
Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute, Virology Section, South Africa.
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MeSH Terms
Antibodies, Viral / blood
Bluetongue / economics*,  epidemiology*,  microbiology
Bluetongue virus / immunology,  isolation & purification
Cattle Diseases / economics*,  epidemiology*,  microbiology
Ceratopogonidae / microbiology
Complement Fixation Tests
Disease Outbreaks / veterinary*
Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
Hemorrhagic Disease Virus, Epizootic / isolation & purification
South Africa / epidemiology
Species Specificity
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Antibodies, Viral

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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