Document Detail

Somatotype, nutrition, and obesity.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11199249     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
METHODS: Somatotype after Health & Carter (1990), nutritional status according to Body mass index (BMI), and nutrition determined by food-frequency questionnaires.
RESULTS: Over 94% of the subjects in this study were distributed into five somatotype categories: 51.6% endomorphic mesomorphs, 17.1% mesomorph-endomorphs, 16.7% mesomorphic endomorphs, 6.1% balanced mesomorphs, and 3.0% ectomorphic mesomorphs, with a pronounced sexual dimorphism. Males were distributed into five categories: over 65% were endomorphic mesomorphs, and above 40 years of age the mesomorphy increased. Females were distributed into three somatotype categories: up to and above 40 years of age over 44% were mesomorphic endomorphs. In the most common somatotype categories, 1 of 5 subjects (from 21.4% to 19.9%) had normal body mass (< 25 kg/m2), 4 of 5 subjects (from 34.2% to 52.6%) were overweight (> 25 kg/m2) or obese (> 30 kg/m2) kg/m2 (from 44.4% to 27.5%). In the remaining eight categories, all subjects had normal body mass. Hyperenergetic, sodium- and fat-excess nutrition had an especially unfavorable influence.
M Koleva; A Nacheva; M Boev
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Reviews on environmental health     Volume:  15     ISSN:  0048-7554     ISO Abbreviation:  Rev Environ Health     Publication Date:    2000 Oct-Dec
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-01-29     Completed Date:  2001-04-19     Revised Date:  2013-05-20    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0425754     Medline TA:  Rev Environ Health     Country:  Israel    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  389-98     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Hygiene, Ecology and Occupational Health, Medical University-Sofia, Bulgaria.
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MeSH Terms
Age Distribution
Ascorbic Acid / metabolism
Body Mass Index
Bulgaria / epidemiology
Dietary Fats
Energy Intake
Food Habits
Nutrition Surveys*
Obesity / epidemiology*,  metabolism,  physiopathology*
Sex Distribution
Sodium, Dietary
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Dietary Fats; 0/Sodium, Dietary; 50-81-7/Ascorbic Acid

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