Document Detail


Solvent and Pressure Effects on the Motions of Encapsulated Guests: Tuning the Flexibility of a Supramolecular Host.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23391095     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The supramolecular host assembly [Ga(4)L(6)](12-) (1; L = 1,5-bis[2,3-dihydroxybenzamido]naphthalene) contains a flexible, hydrophobic interior cavity that can encapsulate cationic guest molecules and catalyze a variety of chemical transformations. The Ph-CH2 bond rotational barrier for encapsulated ortho-substituted benzyl phosphonium guest molecules is sensitive to the size and shape of the host interior space. Here we examine how changes in bulk solvent (water, methanol, or DMF) or applied pressure (up to 150 MPa) affect the rotational dynamics of encapsulated benzyl phosphonium guests, as a way to probe changes in host cavity size or flexibility. When host 1 is dissolved in organic solvents with large solvent internal pressures (∂U/∂V)(T), we find that the free energy barrier to Ph-CH(2) bond rotation increases by 1-2 kcal/mol, compared with aqueous solution. Likewise, when external pressure is applied to the host-guest complex in solution, the bond rotational rates for the encapsulated guests decrease. The magnitude of these rate changes and the volumes of activation obtained using either solvent internal pressure or applied external pressure, are very similar. NOE distance measurements reveal shorter average host-guest distances (~0.3 Å) in organic versus aqueous solution. These experiments demonstrate that increasing solvent internal pressure or applied external pressure reduces the host cavity size or flexibility, resulting in more restricted motions for encapsulated guest molecules. Changing bulk solvent or external pressure might therefore be used to tune the physical properties or reactivity of guest molecules encapsulated in a flexible supramolecular host.
Authors:
Jeffrey S Mugridge; Achim Zahl; Rudi van Eldik; Robert George Bergman; Kenneth N Raymond
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-2-7
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the American Chemical Society     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1520-5126     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Am. Chem. Soc.     Publication Date:  2013 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-2-8     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7503056     Medline TA:  J Am Chem Soc     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
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