Document Detail

Soluble squalamine tablets for the rapid disinfection of home nebulizers of cystic fibrosis patients.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22727722     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
BACKGROUND: The bacterial contamination of nebulizers represents a major problem for cystic fibrosis (CF) patients that can lead to reduced nebulizer performance and increase the risk of patient reinfection by the contaminating bacteria. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the potential use of squalamine, a broad-spectrum antimicrobial compound, as a nebulizer disinfectant. METHODS: Pari LC nebulizers were artificially contaminated with a suspension of bacteria (Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa; 10(8)CFU/mL) and fungi (Candidida albicans and Aspergilus niger; 10(7)CFU/mL) and then disinfected by immersion in squalamine solution for 20min. Glutaraldehyde and Korsolex peracetic acid were used as disinfectant controls. RESULT: We found that 0.5g/L squalamine reduced the levels of viable S. aureus and P. aeruginosa by 5 log(10) and the level of viable C. albicans by 4 log(10) after 20min. A concentration of 2g/L was needed to reduce the level of A. niger cells by 4 log(10) in 6hours. Finally, a formulation of squalamine in the form of a soluble disinfecting tablet containing 2.5% (w/w) squalamine was developed and successfully applied for nebulizer disinfection. CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that aminosterol derivatives may be used by CF patients for rapid and easy home nebulizer disinfection and that soluble tablets may be developed for this purpose.
Lamia Djouhri-Bouktab; Kamel Alhanout; Véronique Andrieu; Nathalie Stremler; Jean Christophe Dubus; Didier Raoult; Jean Marc Rolain; Jean Michel Brunel
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-6-22
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of cystic fibrosis : official journal of the European Cystic Fibrosis Society     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1873-5010     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-6-25     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101128966     Medline TA:  J Cyst Fibros     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 European Cystic Fibrosis Society. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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