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Soluble platelet/endothelial cell adhesion molecule (sPECAM)-1 is increased in polycystic ovary syndrome and related to endothelial dysfunction.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22456311     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Striking evidence indicates endothelial impairment in polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) but the mechanisms linking PCOS status to cardiovascular risk remain elusive. Platelet/endothelial cell adhesion molecule (PECAM)-1 is a soluble (s) signaling molecule involved in inflammation and angiogenesis with predictive value for endothelial dysfunction in patients at risk. In a prospective, controlled study, sPECAM-1 levels and the relationships to metabolic, inflammatory and vascular PCOS traits were evaluated in 26 patients and 29-age- and body mass index-matched controls. To assess endothelial injury, carotid artery intimae-media thickness (CIMT) and brachial artery flow-mediated vasodilatation (FMD) were employed. Of the 26 women with PCOS, 25 completed a six-month metformin combined with ethinylestradiol 0.3 mg/drospirenone 3 mg therapy. Soluble PECAM-1 levels were increased in PCOS (p = 0.018 vs. Controls) and significantly decreased at follow-up (p = 0.0002). Smoking and weight had no effect on sPECAM-1 dynamics. In both univariate and multivariate analysis, basal sPECAM-1 was inversely related to FMD (r = -0.311, p = 0.021) but not CIMT. To conclude, sPECAM-1 is increased in PCOS, an effect reversed by combined metformin and anti-androgenic contraceptive therapy. Elevated sPECAM-1 contributes to endothelial dysfunction however further studies are inquired to assess its relevance as biomarker and potential therapeutic target in PCOS.
Carmen Emanuela Pepene
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-3-29
Journal Detail:
Title:  Gynecological endocrinology : the official journal of the International Society of Gynecological Endocrinology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1473-0766     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-3-29     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8807913     Medline TA:  Gynecol Endocrinol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Department of Endocrinology, University of Medicine and Pharmacy Cluj-Napoca , Romania.
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