Document Detail

Solids retention time in spherical biofilms in a biofilm airlift suspension reactor.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18618904     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Fluorescent microparticles were used as tracer beads to measure the dynamics of solids in spherical biofilms in a biofilm airlift suspension reactor. Attachment to, release from, and penetration into the biofilms of the tracer beads were measured. The coverage of the biofilm surface was low and the steady state particle concentration on the surface was dependent on the biofilm surface characteristics. The measured attachment rate constant was identical in both experiments and appeared to be determined by the hydrodynamic conditions in the turbulent reactor. The attachment rate was much faster than the release rate of the tracer beads and, therefore, the solidsretention time in the biofilm particle is not due to a simple reversible adsorption-desorption process. The heterogeneity of the distribution oftracer beads on different sectors on the biofilm surface decreased duringthe attachment period. Due to random detachment processes the heterogeneity of the tracer bead distribution increased during the release periodThe tracer beads quickly penetrated into the biofilm and became distributed throughout the active layer of the biofilm. The observed penetration into biofilms, the nonuniform distribution on the biofilm surface, and the fast uptake and slow release of tracer beads cannot be described by a simple model based on a reversible adsorption-desorption mechanism, nor withexisting biofilm models. These biofilm models, which balance growth and advection assuming a uniform biofilm with a homogeneous surface, are inadequate for the description of the observed solids retention time in biofilms. Therefore, a new concept of biofilm dynamics is proposed, in which formation of cracks and fissures, which are rapidly filled with growing biomass, combined with nonuniform local detachment, explains the observed fast penetration into the biofilm of tracer beads, the long residence time, and the nonuniform distibution of fluorescent microparticles. (c) 1994 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
L Tijhuis; W A van Benthum; M C van Loosdrecht; J J Heijnen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Biotechnology and bioengineering     Volume:  44     ISSN:  0006-3592     ISO Abbreviation:  Biotechnol. Bioeng.     Publication Date:  1994 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-07-11     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7502021     Medline TA:  Biotechnol Bioeng     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  867-79     Citation Subset:  -    
Kluyver Laboratory for Biotechnology, Department of Biochemical Engineering, Delft University of Technology, Julianalaan 67, NL-2628 BC Delft, The Netherlands.
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