Document Detail

Sole stenting with large cell stents for very small ruptured intracranial aneurysms.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24556299     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
A flow-diverting stent such as the Pipeline embolization device (PED, ev3 Endovascular, Plymouth, MN, USA) and Silk flow-diverting stent (Balt Extrusion, Montmorency, France) offers an acceptable alternative for the treatment of difficult aneurysms according to their morphologies, including giant, wide-necked, fusiform, and blister types. However, complications arising from the use of these stents have frequently been reported including several cases of branch artery occlusion and delayed occlusion of the stented parent vessel shortly after antiplatelet medications were discontinued, highlighting the potential need for long-term antiplatelet therapy, and disastrous bleeding complications in unruptured aneurysm. In addition, these microcell stents are difficult to use in distal aneurysms located over the ICA bifurcation and basilar tip because of the stiffness of the device, and perforating vessel occlusion is more likely to occur due to the characteristics of the stent. Before the era of flow-diverting microcell stents, large cell intracranial stents like the Neuroform stent (Boston Scientific/Target Therapeutic, Fremont, CA, USA) and Enterprise stent (Cordis Neurovascular, Miami, FL, USA) without coiling were used to provide flow-diverting effects for complex intracranial aneurysms. Sole stenting has been used even in cases of ruptured aneurysm, with patients on different antiplatelet medications. However, no single endovascular institute has embraced sole stenting using large cell intracranial stents as a systemized treatment for ruptured intracranial aneurysms. Here we designed this study to evaluate the possibility of safely treating very small aneurysms using one or two stents without coiling during the period of subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). This retrospective study was conducted with eight patients who had rupture of very small intracranial aneurysms (less than 3 mm in size). All were treated using the Neuroform and the Enterprise stents; there was single stenting in five, in-stent telescopic stenting in two, and Y-configured stenting in one. The angiographic results with clinical outcomes were collected and analyzed. Complete aneurysm obliteration was observed in three cases, and size reduction or stable angiographic findings was found in five cases on the last follow-up angiography. No growing aneurysm or rebleeding was found on any follow-up angiography. Thromboembolic complications were found in one patient. It is difficult to make conclusions on the long-term efficacy of this technique with such a small number of cases, however sole stenting with a large cell intracranial stent for the treatment of very small aneurysms may be used safely as an alternative treatment even during an episode of SAH.
Young-Joon Kim; Jung Ho Ko
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2014-02-10
Journal Detail:
Title:  Interventional neuroradiology : journal of peritherapeutic neuroradiology, surgical procedures and related neurosciences     Volume:  20     ISSN:  1591-0199     ISO Abbreviation:  Interv Neuroradiol     Publication Date:  2014 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-02-21     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9602695     Medline TA:  Interv Neuroradiol     Country:  Italy    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  45-53     Citation Subset:  IM    
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