Document Detail


Soft drinks with aspartame: effect on subjective hunger, food selection, and food intake of young adult males.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1881987     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Ingestion of aspartame-sweetened beverages has been reported to increase subjective measures of appetite. This study examined the effects of familiar carbonated soft drinks sweetened with aspartame on subjective hunger, energy intake and macronutrient selection at a lunch-time meal. Subjects were 20 normal weight young adult males, classified as either restrained or nonrestrained eaters. Four treatments of carbonated beverages included 280 ml of mineral water, one can of a soft drink (280 ml) consumed in either 2 or 10 minutes, or two cans of a soft drink (560 ml) consumed in 10 minutes, administered at 11:00 a.m. Subjective hunger and food appeal were measured from 9:30 a.m. to 12:30 p.m., and food intake data were obtained from a buffet lunch given at 12:00 noon. There were no treatment effects on energy intake, macronutrient selection or food choice at the lunch-time meal, or food appeal, though restrained eaters consumed more than nonrestrained eaters in all four treatment conditions. Consumption of two soft drinks (560 ml, 320 mg aspartame) significantly reduced subjective hunger from 11:05 a.m. to 11:30 a.m. compared to one soft drink (280 ml, 160 mg aspartame) or 280 ml of mineral water. Thus ingestion of soft drinks containing aspartame did not increase short-term subjective hunger or food intake.
Authors:
R M Black; P Tanaka; L A Leiter; G H Anderson
Related Documents :
2376447 - Hospital versus neighbourhood controls in the assessment of dietary risk factors.
19457377 - Brain serotonin 2a receptor binding: relations to body mass index, tobacco and alcohol ...
986057 - Circadian rhythm of corticosterone in mice: the effect of chronic consumption of alcohol.
16643537 - Pattern of fluid consumption in a sample of saudi arabian adolescents aged 12-13 years.
15702127 - Can children and adolescents use photographs of food to estimate portion sizes?
16813047 - Increasing donations to supermarket food-bank bins using proximal prompts.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Physiology & behavior     Volume:  49     ISSN:  0031-9384     ISO Abbreviation:  Physiol. Behav.     Publication Date:  1991 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1991-10-01     Completed Date:  1991-10-01     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0151504     Medline TA:  Physiol Behav     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  803-10     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Nutritional Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Canada.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Appetite / drug effects
Aspartame / pharmacology*
Beverages* / analysis
Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
Energy Intake / drug effects
Feeding Behavior / drug effects*
Food Preferences / drug effects*
Humans
Hunger / drug effects*
Male
Motivation
Satiety Response / drug effects
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
22839-47-0/Aspartame

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Inhibition of infanticide in male Swiss mice: behavioral polymorphism in response to multiple mediat...
Next Document:  The effects of pregnancy and lactation on dietary self-selection in the rat.