Document Detail

Soft drinks with aspartame: effect on subjective hunger, food selection, and food intake of young adult males.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1881987     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Ingestion of aspartame-sweetened beverages has been reported to increase subjective measures of appetite. This study examined the effects of familiar carbonated soft drinks sweetened with aspartame on subjective hunger, energy intake and macronutrient selection at a lunch-time meal. Subjects were 20 normal weight young adult males, classified as either restrained or nonrestrained eaters. Four treatments of carbonated beverages included 280 ml of mineral water, one can of a soft drink (280 ml) consumed in either 2 or 10 minutes, or two cans of a soft drink (560 ml) consumed in 10 minutes, administered at 11:00 a.m. Subjective hunger and food appeal were measured from 9:30 a.m. to 12:30 p.m., and food intake data were obtained from a buffet lunch given at 12:00 noon. There were no treatment effects on energy intake, macronutrient selection or food choice at the lunch-time meal, or food appeal, though restrained eaters consumed more than nonrestrained eaters in all four treatment conditions. Consumption of two soft drinks (560 ml, 320 mg aspartame) significantly reduced subjective hunger from 11:05 a.m. to 11:30 a.m. compared to one soft drink (280 ml, 160 mg aspartame) or 280 ml of mineral water. Thus ingestion of soft drinks containing aspartame did not increase short-term subjective hunger or food intake.
R M Black; P Tanaka; L A Leiter; G H Anderson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Physiology & behavior     Volume:  49     ISSN:  0031-9384     ISO Abbreviation:  Physiol. Behav.     Publication Date:  1991 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1991-10-01     Completed Date:  1991-10-01     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0151504     Medline TA:  Physiol Behav     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  803-10     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Nutritional Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Canada.
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MeSH Terms
Appetite / drug effects
Aspartame / pharmacology*
Beverages* / analysis
Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
Energy Intake / drug effects
Feeding Behavior / drug effects*
Food Preferences / drug effects*
Hunger / drug effects*
Satiety Response / drug effects
Reg. No./Substance:

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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