Document Detail

Sodium salicylate centrally augments ventilation through cholinergic mechanisms.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1778926     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Several different stimuli, including hydrogen ions, may exert their effect on central ventilatory control through cholinergic mechanisms. Salicylates are known to be central respiratory stimulants. Therefore this study explored whether the ventilatory effect of sodium salicylate (SAL) is through cholinergic mechanisms. Ventriculocisternal perfusion was used in spontaneously breathing anesthetized (pentobarbital sodium, 30 mg/kg) mongrel dogs to study the effects of SAL (50 mM), atropine (ATR, 4.8 mM), and SAL-ATR on ventilation. After 15 min of perfusion with mock cerebrospinal fluid, each test agent was perfused for 15 min at a rate of 1 ml/min. Cardiovascular and ventilatory parameters were monitored. Values at 15 min of test agent perfusion were compared with values at 15 min of mock cerebrospinal fluid perfusion, with each animal used as its own control. Body temperature was kept between 37.5 and 39.0 degrees C. Perfusion with SAL increased minute ventilation (VE) by 54% (P less than 0.005) and respiratory frequency by 50% (P less than 0.005). Tidal volume was not changed, but mean inspiratory flow rate increased (P less than 0.05). Perfusion with ATR decreased VE by 22% (P less than 0.1), and perfusion with SAL-ATR decreased VE by 20% (P = 0.01). No significant cardiovascular changes were noted in any group. We conclude that SAL increases VE centrally, primarily by increasing respiratory frequency. Because ATR blocked this effect, cholinergic mechanisms are probably involved in the salicylates' central stimulation of ventilation.
H Fleming; M Burton; D C Johnson; H Kazemi
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of applied physiology (Bethesda, Md. : 1985)     Volume:  71     ISSN:  8750-7587     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Appl. Physiol.     Publication Date:  1991 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1992-03-12     Completed Date:  1992-03-12     Revised Date:  2013-09-26    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8502536     Medline TA:  J Appl Physiol (1985)     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2299-303     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston 02114.
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MeSH Terms
Atropine / pharmacology
Cholinergic Fibers / drug effects,  physiology
Injections, Intraventricular
Respiration / drug effects*,  physiology
Sodium Salicylate / administration & dosage,  pharmacology*
Tidal Volume / drug effects
Grant Support
Reg. No./Substance:
51-55-8/Atropine; 54-21-7/Sodium Salicylate

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