Document Detail

Sodium intake of 1 to 5-year-old children: the STRIP project. The Special Turku Coronary Risk Factor Intervention Project.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10830450     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The aim of this study is to examine sodium intake and dietary sodium sources of 1-5-y-old children in a prospective, randomized long-term coronary heart disease prevention trial, focused on dietary fat modification. Counselling included no advice about reducing salt in the children's diets. Food consumption of 100 intervention children and 100 control children was recorded for 3 consecutive days at the age of 13 mo and for 4 consecutive days at the ages of 3 and 5 y. Sodium intakes were calculated using the Micro Nutrica program. Children's mean daily sodium (NaCl) consumption (intervention and control children combined) was 1600+/-527 mg (4.0+/-1.3 g), 1900+/-504 mg (4.8+/-1.3 g) and 2200+/-531 mg (5.5+/-1.3 g) at the ages of 13 mo and 3 and 5 y, respectively. The intervention children consumed as much or slightly more sodium than the control children at all ages studied. Half the sodium consumption was derived from added salt in commercially prepared or homemade foods. Milk, meat products, bread and cereals were other important sodium sources. In conclusion, nutrition counselling in the Special Turku Coronary Risk Factor Intervention Project (STRIP) trial, with its main focus on the quality of fat in child nutrition, has had minimal influence on children's sodium intake. To avoid excessive sodium intake in children, dietary counselling should include information about salt use, and food manufacturers should be encouraged to provide more low-sodium products.
T Heino; K Kallio; E Jokinen; H Lagström; R Seppänen; I Välimäki; J Viikari; T Rönnemaa; O Simell
Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Acta paediatrica (Oslo, Norway : 1992)     Volume:  89     ISSN:  0803-5253     ISO Abbreviation:  Acta Paediatr.     Publication Date:  2000 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-09-08     Completed Date:  2000-09-08     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9205968     Medline TA:  Acta Paediatr     Country:  NORWAY    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  406-10     Citation Subset:  IM    
Cardiorespiratory Research Unit, University of Turku, Finland.
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MeSH Terms
Child, Preschool
Coronary Disease / prevention & control
Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
Prospective Studies
Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
Sodium Chloride, Dietary / administration & dosage*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Sodium Chloride, Dietary
Comment In:
Acta Paediatr. 2000 Apr;89(4):397-8   [PMID:  10830448 ]

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