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Sodium arsenite and arsenic trioxide differently affect the oxidative stress, genotoxicity and apoptosis in A549 cells: An implication for the paradoxical mechanism.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24004876     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Although arsenic toxicity greatly depends on its chemical forms, few studies have taken into account the paradoxical phenomenon which is manifested by that sodium arsenite (NaAsO2) acts as a potent carcinogen but arsenic trioxide (As2O3) serves as an effective therapeutic agent. In this study, we compared the in vitro effects of NaAsO2 and As2O3 on cell viability, colony formation, cell cycle progression, apoptosis, genotoxicity and oxidative stress in human lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells. Our results demonstrated that both NaAsO2 and As2O3 caused oxidative stress, genotoxicity, cytotoxicity, cell cycle arrest as well as apoptosis, while As2O3 induced higher production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) with a more remarkable decrease in superoxide dismutase (SOD) activities and intracellular levels of glutathione (GSH) than NaAsO2. Moreover, the degree of DNA damage, chromosomal breakage, cell cycle arrest and apoptosis in As2O3-treated cells were more severe than those in NaAsO2-treated cells. These findings suggest that differential effects and mechanisms of NaAsO2 and As2O3 may responsible for the paradoxical effects of arsenic on the carcinogenesis and anticancer function.
Authors:
Xuejun Jiang; Chengzhi Chen; Wei Zhao; Zunzhen Zhang
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-8-14
Journal Detail:
Title:  Environmental toxicology and pharmacology     Volume:  36     ISSN:  1872-7077     ISO Abbreviation:  Environ. Toxicol. Pharmacol.     Publication Date:  2013 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-9-5     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9612020     Medline TA:  Environ Toxicol Pharmacol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  891-902     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Department of Environmental Health, West China School of Public Health, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610041, PR China.
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