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Socioeconomic status and the risk of depression among UK higher education students.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23412652     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Many university students experience some symptoms of depression during the course of their studies but there is evidence that students from less advantaged backgrounds may be more vulnerable. METHODS: The study was a cross-sectional online survey of 923 undergraduate students attending 6 UK Universities in the academic year 2009-2010 who completed a modified version of the Zagazig Depression Scale (ZDS). RESULTS: Overall, 58.1 % of female and 59.9 % of male study participants screened positive for depression (ZDS score >10). In the fully adjusted model, final year students (OR = 1.8) who lived in a more deprived area (OR = 2.3) were more likely to report higher rates of depressive symptoms. Additionally, students with high perceived control (OR = 1.6) whose mothers were highly educated (OR = 0.5) and from a family of a high affluence (OR = 0.3) were less likely to suffer from higher rates of depressive symptoms. The relationship between lower social economic status and depression was partly mediated by low sense of control. CONCLUSION: Students from less advantaged backgrounds are more at risk of depression but a strong sense of control over one's life may be protective. APPLICATION: Since depression has strong impact on students' learning and quality of life universities should consider confidential screening for mental health problems and provide additional support for students.
Authors:
Ahmed K Ibrahim; Shona J Kelly; Cris Glazebrook
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-2-15
Journal Detail:
Title:  Social psychiatry and psychiatric epidemiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1433-9285     ISO Abbreviation:  Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol     Publication Date:  2013 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-2-15     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8804358     Medline TA:  Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Community Health School, Assiut University, Asyut, Egypt, ahmed.khair@yahoo.com.
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