Document Detail


Socioeconomic status and rates of breastfeeding in Australia: evidence from three recent national health surveys.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18759719     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether the relationship between socioeconomic status and breastfeeding initiation and duration changed in Australia between 1995 and 2004. DESIGN AND SETTING: Secondary analysis of data from national health surveys (NHSs) conducted by the Australian Bureau of Statistics in 1995, 2001 and 2004-05. The Socio-Economic Indexes for Areas (SEIFA) classification was used as a measure of socioeconomic status. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Rates of initiation of breastfeeding; rates of breastfeeding at 3, 6 and 12 months. RESULTS: Between the 1995 and 2004-05 NHSs, there was little change in overall rates of breastfeeding initiation and duration. In 2004-05, breastfeeding initiation was 87.8%, and the proportions of infants breastfeeding at 3, 6 and 12 months were 64.4%, 50.4% and 23.3%, respectively. In 1995, the odds ratio (OR) of breastfeeding at 6 months increased by an average of 13% (OR, 1.13 [95% CI, 1.07-1.19]) for each increase in SEIFA quintile; in 2001, the comparative increase was 21% (OR, 1.21 [95% CI, 1.12-1.30]); while in 2004-05, the comparative increase was 26% (OR, 1.26 [95% CI, 1.17-1.36]). Breastfeeding at 3 months and 1 year showed similar changes in ORs. There was little change in the ORs for breastfeeding initiation. CONCLUSION: Although overall duration of breastfeeding remained fairly constant in Australia between 1995 and 2004-05, the gap between the most disadvantaged and least disadvantaged families has widened considerably over this period.
Authors:
Lisa H Amir; Susan M Donath
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Medical journal of Australia     Volume:  189     ISSN:  0025-729X     ISO Abbreviation:  Med. J. Aust.     Publication Date:  2008 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-09-01     Completed Date:  2008-10-22     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0400714     Medline TA:  Med J Aust     Country:  Australia    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  254-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Mother and Child Health Research, La Trobe University, and Breastfeeding Education and Support Services, Royal Women's Hospital, Melbourne, VIC, Australia. l.amir@latrobe.edu.au
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Australia / epidemiology
Breast Feeding / epidemiology*
Female
Health Behavior
Health Surveys
Humans
Infant
Infant, Newborn
Maternal Behavior
Needs Assessment
Social Class*
Time Factors

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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