Document Detail


Socioeconomic status and the prevalence of coronary heart disease risk factors.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12074188     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
South Asian countries have a high prevalence of coronary heart disease (CHD) in line with their economic development. India, in particular, has a high burden of CHD. Hence, the aim of the present study was to assess the prevalence of CHD risk factors in a semiurban population of Andhra Pradesh, India, in different socioeconomic status (SES) groups. Information was collected on socioeconomic status, physical activity, cigarette smoking, body mass, blood pressure (BP) and serum lipid profiles among a healthy sample of 440 men and 210 women with an age range of 20-70 years. Mean levels of serum cholesterol (SC), high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDLC), low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDLC) and skinfold ratio were found to be higher among women, whereas triglycerides (TG), systolic BP and diastolic BP were higher in men. No statistically significant differences in body mass index (BMI) or pulse rate were observed between the sexes. In men, a significant positive rank correlation (rho = P < 0.05) was observed between SES and SC, TG, systolic and diastolic BP, pulse rate and BMI, but in women, the same trend was found only with SC, TG, skinfold ratio and age. The prevalence (age standardized to the world population of Segi, 95% CI) of obesity was 14.37% (11.06-17.68), hypertension 13.13% (9.11-17.15), hypercholesterolemia 18.56% (13.88-23.24), hypertriglyceridemia 45.98% (36.47-55.49) and low HDLC 31.01% (24.25-37.77). In both sexes, the prevalence of hypercholesterolemia, hypertriglyceridemia and sedentary life style increased among higher SES groups (P < 0.05). Also, an increase in the level of social class was positively associated with mean levels of serum cholesterol and triglycerides in both men and women. The results demonstrate that higher SES groups have greater prevalence of CHD risk factors than lower SES groups. Preventive measures are required to reduce the risk factors among higher SES groups.
Authors:
Kanala K R Reddy; Alahari P Rao; Thavanati P K Reddy
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Asia Pacific journal of clinical nutrition     Volume:  11     ISSN:  0964-7058     ISO Abbreviation:  Asia Pac J Clin Nutr     Publication Date:  2002  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-06-20     Completed Date:  2003-03-21     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9440304     Medline TA:  Asia Pac J Clin Nutr     Country:  Australia    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  98-103     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Physical Anthropology, School of Biological and Earth Sciences, Sri Venkateswara University, Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh, India. kanalakr@yahoo.com
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Aged
Analysis of Variance
Blood Pressure / physiology
Coronary Disease / blood,  physiopathology*
Female
Humans
Hyperlipidemias / epidemiology*
Hypertension / epidemiology*
India
Lipids / blood
Male
Middle Aged
Motor Activity / physiology
Obesity / epidemiology*
Risk Factors
Social Class*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Lipids

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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