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Socioeconomic status and beliefs about depression, schizophrenia and eating disorders.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23052428     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
PURPOSE: The association between socioeconomic status (SES) and knowledge/belief about depression, schizophrenia and eating disorders will be analysed. METHODS: Data stem from a telephone survey in two large German cities (Hamburg and Munich, n = 2,014, response rate 51 %). Written vignettes with typical signs and symptoms suggestive of a depression, schizophrenia and eating disorders were presented to the respondents. Respondents were then asked about knowledge/belief about causes, symptoms, prevalence and treatment using a standardised questionnaire. Education, occupational position and income were used as SES indicators. RESULTS: Results of mixed hierarchal logistic regression analyses show that individuals with a low SES know less about symptoms and prevalences of depression, schizophrenia and eating disorders. Moreover, people with a high SES are more likely to consider medication as effective in case of depression and schizophrenia, but are less likely to believe that activities such as sports or relaxation are an effective measure to treat the three mental disorders under study. Respondents with a high SES are less likely to believe that a weak will is a possible cause of depression, schizophrenia and eating disorders. We found large similarities in the associations between SES and beliefs across the three mental disorders. Finally, associations of beliefs about mental disorders with education are stronger and more consistent than with income and occupational position. CONCLUSIONS: Results indicate an inequality in mental health literacy and underline that information campaigns on causes, symptoms, prevalence and treatment of mental disorders should consider information needs of people with a low SES.
Authors:
Olaf von dem Knesebeck; Eva Mnich; Anne Daubmann; Karl Wegscheider; Matthias C Angermeyer; Martin Lambert; Anne Karow; Martin Härter; Christopher Kofahl
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-10-10
Journal Detail:
Title:  Social psychiatry and psychiatric epidemiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1433-9285     ISO Abbreviation:  Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-11     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8804358     Medline TA:  Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Medical Sociology and Health Economics, University Medical Center Hamburg Eppendorf, Martinistr. 52, 20246, Hamburg, Germany, o.knesebeck@uke.uni-hamburg.de.
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