Document Detail

Sociodemographic determinants of early weaning: a Finnish birth cohort study in infants with human leucocyte antigen-conferred susceptibility to type 1 diabetes.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22607723     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
OBJECTIVE: To assess the most important sociodemographic determinants of age at introduction of complementary foods in infancy. DESIGN: A prospective birth cohort with increased risk of type 1 diabetes, recruited between 1996 and 2004. The families completed at home a follow-up form on the age at introduction of new foods and, for each clinic visit, a structured dietary questionnaire with 3 d food records. SETTING: Data from the Type 1 Diabetes Prediction and Prevention (DIPP) Project, Finland. SUBJECTS: A cohort of 5991 infants (77 % of those invited) belonging to the DIPP Nutrition Study. RESULTS: Sixty-three per cent of the infants were introduced to complementary foods, including infant formula, before the age of 4 months. The median age at introduction of infant formula was 1·5 months (range 0-18 months) and that of the first other complementary food 3·5 months (range 0·7-8 months). All sociodemographic and lifestyle factors studied were associated with the age at introduction of infant formula and/or first other complementary food. Female sex of the infant, being born in the southern region of Finland, living in a rural municipality, the presence of siblings, the mother or the father being a high-school graduate, high maternal professional education and maternal non-smoking during pregnancy predicted later introduction of complementary foods. CONCLUSIONS: Compliance was relatively poor with the current recommendations for the age of introducing complementary foods. Small-sized young families with less well-educated parents were most prone to introduce complementary foods early.
Maijaliisa Erkkola; Maija Salmenhaara; Bright I Nwaru; Liisa Uusitalo; Carina Kronberg-Kippilä; Suvi Ahonen; Riitta Veijola; Mikael Knip; Suvi M Virtanen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-5-21
Journal Detail:
Title:  Public health nutrition     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1475-2727     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-5-21     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9808463     Medline TA:  Public Health Nutr     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  1-9     Citation Subset:  -    
1Division of Nutrition, Department of Food and Environmental Sciences, PO Box 66, FI-00014 University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland.
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