Document Detail

Sociocultural and individual psychological predictors of body image in young girls: a prospective study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18605839     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
This study investigated the prospective predictors of body image in 9- to 12-year-old girls. Participants were 150 girls in Grades 4-6 with a mean age of 10.3 years. Girls completed questionnaire measures of media and peer influences (television/magazine exposure, peer appearance conversations), individual psychological variables (appearance schemas, internalization of appearance ideals, autonomy), and body image (figure discrepancy and body esteem) at Time 1 and 1 year later at Time 2. Linear panel analyses showed that after controlling for Time 1 levels of body image, none of the Time 1 sociocultural variables predicted body image variables at Time 2. Body mass index (BMI; a biological variable) and psychological variables, however, did offer significant prospective prediction. Specifically, higher BMI, higher appearance schemas, higher internalization of appearance ideals, and lower autonomy predicted worsening body image 1 year later. Thus, higher weight and certain psychological characteristics were temporally antecedent to body image concerns. It was concluded that both biological and individual psychological variables play a role in the development of body image in children. Individual psychological variables, in particular, may provide useful targets in prevention and intervention programs addressing body image in 9- to 12-year-old girls.
Levina Clark; Marika Tiggemann
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Developmental psychology     Volume:  44     ISSN:  0012-1649     ISO Abbreviation:  Dev Psychol     Publication Date:  2008 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-07-08     Completed Date:  2008-11-18     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0260564     Medline TA:  Dev Psychol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1124-34     Citation Subset:  IM    
School of Psychology, Flinders University, Adelaide, Australia.
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MeSH Terms
Body Image*
Body Mass Index
Cross-Cultural Comparison*
Internal-External Control*
Longitudinal Studies
Mass Media
Peer Group
Risk Factors
Social Values*
South Australia
Thinness / psychology

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