Document Detail


Socio-economic status and urbanization are linked to snacks and obesity in adolescents in Botswana.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21806869     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: To describe patterns of food consumption associated with overweight/ obesity (OW/OB) and their links to socio-economic status (SES) and urbanization. DESIGN: A nationwide cross-sectional survey. SETTING: Secondary schools in cities, towns and villages in Botswana, Africa. SUBJECTS: A total of 746 adolescent schoolchildren. RESULTS: OW/OB is associated with greater SES, city residence and a snack-food diet pattern. Students belonging to higher SES compared with those from a lower SES background reported significantly (P < 0·01) more daily servings of snack foods (1·55 v. 0·76) and fewer servings of traditional diet foods (0·99 v. 1·68) and also reported that they ate meals outside the home more often (90 % v. 72 %). Students in cities ate significantly (P < 0·01) more servings of snacks (1·69 v. 1·05 v. 0·51) and fewer servings of traditional foods (0·67 v. 1·52 v. 1·61) compared with those in urban and rural villages. The odds of OW/OB were increased 1·16-fold with a snack-food diet, a result that was diminished when controlled for SES. CONCLUSIONS: These data suggest that nutritional transition occurs at different rates across urbanization and SES levels in Botswana. In cities, increasing the availability of fruit while reducing access to or portion sizes of snack items is important. Emphasis on continued intake of traditional foods may also be helpful as rural areas undergo economic and infrastructural development.
Authors:
Segametsi D Maruapula; Jose C Jackson; Joanna Holsten; Sheila Shaibu; Leapetswe Malete; Brian Wrotniak; Sarah J Ratcliffe; George G Mokone; Nicolas Stettler; Charlene Compher
Related Documents :
10789919 - Heat defense control in an experimental heat disorder.
16767779 - Fluorescence spectroscopy as a tool for monitoring solubility and aggregation behavior ...
14503719 - Application of ultrasound-assisted thermal processing for preservation and quality rete...
12207459 - Quantitative pcr detection of pork in raw and heated ground beef and pâté.
19680949 - Effect of cooking or handling conditions on the furan levels of processed foods.
15618619 - Recognition of native and/or thermally induced denatured forms of the major food allerg...
1391159 - Food in low-income families.
22018329 - Taste-nutrient relationships in commonly consumed foods.
7550259 - Micronutrients (magnesium, zinc, and copper): are mineral supplements needed for athletes?
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-8-2
Journal Detail:
Title:  Public health nutrition     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1475-2727     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-8-2     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9808463     Medline TA:  Public Health Nutr     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  1-8     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
1University of Botswana, Gaberone, Botswana.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Evaluation of the first phase of a specialist weight management programme in the UK National Health ...
Next Document:  Defining the complexity of childhood obesity and related behaviours within the family environment us...