Document Detail

Socio-economic distribution of environmental risk factors for childhood injury.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17209265     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: Childhood injury remains the single most important cause of mortality in children aged between 1-14 years in many countries. It has been proposed that lower socio-economic status (SES) and poorer housing contribute to potential hazards in the home environment. This study sought to establish whether the prevalence of observed hazards in and around the home was differentially distributed by SES, in order to identify opportunities for injury prevention. METHODS: This study was a cross-sectional, random sample survey of primary school children from 32 schools in Brisbane. Interviews and house audits were conducted between July 2000 and April 2003 to collect information on SES (income, employment and education) and previously identified household hazards. RESULTS: There was evidence of a relationship between prevalence of household environmental hazards and household SES; however, the magnitude and direction of this relationship appeared to be hazard-specific. Household income was related to play equipment characteristics, with higher SES groups being more likely to be exposed to risk. All three SES indicators were associated with differences in the home safety characteristics, with the lower SES groups more likely to be exposed to risk. CONCLUSION: The differential distribution of environmental risk factors by SES of household may help explain the SES differential in the burden of injury and provides opportunities for focusing efforts to address the problem.
Joseph V Turner; Melanie Spallek; Jake M Najman; Christopher Bain; David M Purdie; James Nixon; Debbie Scott; Roderick McClure
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Australian and New Zealand journal of public health     Volume:  30     ISSN:  1326-0200     ISO Abbreviation:  Aust N Z J Public Health     Publication Date:  2006 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-01-09     Completed Date:  2007-02-08     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9611095     Medline TA:  Aust N Z J Public Health     Country:  Australia    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  514-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
School of Medicine, University of Queensland.
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MeSH Terms
Child, Preschool
Cross-Sectional Studies
Factor Analysis, Statistical
Queensland / epidemiology
Risk Factors
Social Class*
Socioeconomic Factors
Statistics, Nonparametric
Wounds and Injuries / epidemiology*

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