Document Detail

Socio-economic, dietary, activity, nutrition and body weight transitions in South Korea.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  14552667     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: Socio-economic development influences many factors that affect health, especially diet and nutrition. This investigation proposes that a system of transitions occur as societies develop, with socio-economic, physical activity, dietary, nutrition and body weight transitions operating in relationship with each other. This model of transitions was examined empirically using South Korea as an example of a nation that has undergone considerable changes. DESIGN: Data were drawn from published government reports: the Korean National Nutrition Survey and annual reports at the national level for the years between 1969 and 1993. The socio-economic transition was assessed by gross national product. The physical activity transition was assessed using annual proportions of the population involved in primary, secondary and tertiary industries, as well as the number of cars and driver's licences. The dietary transition was measured by plant and animal food consumption. The nutrition transition was assessed by percentages of energy from carbohydrate, protein and fat. The body weight transition was measured by body mass index calculated from the average height and weight of adolescents. RESULTS: Results revealed that the transitions were highly correlated as expected, with the socio-economic transition exhibiting major changes. South Koreans tended to decrease their physical activity and plant food consumption, and to increase animal food consumption, percentage of energy from dietary fat and body weight, in relationship to the socio-economic transition. CONCLUSION: Examining a system of transitions on a national level in one country that has undergone rapid economic development may provide a strategy for examining how such transitions operate in other nations.
Soo-Kyung Lee; Jeffery Sobal
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Public health nutrition     Volume:  6     ISSN:  1368-9800     ISO Abbreviation:  Public Health Nutr     Publication Date:  2003 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-10-13     Completed Date:  2004-04-08     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9808463     Medline TA:  Public Health Nutr     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  665-74     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Nutritional Sciences, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, 26 Nichol Avenue, Davison Hall, New Brunswick, NJ 08901-2882, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Body Weight
Diet / economics,  trends*
Exercise / physiology
Food Habits
Health Transition
Nutrition Surveys
Nutritional Physiological Phenomena*
Socioeconomic Factors

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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