Document Detail


Socio-cultural factors in dental diseases in the Medieval and early Modern Age of northern Spain.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22265008     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The aim of this study is to present, discuss and compare the results of pathological conditions in teeth from skeletal remains found in the northern part of the Iberian Peninsula (Spain) in four Medieval cemeteries (late 15th century) and three cemeteries from the Modern Age (late 18th century). The final objective was to evaluate the impact of socioeconomic and cultural changes that took place during the early Modern Age in Spain, on oral health. Dental caries and antemortem tooth loss were considered as indicators of dental disease. A significant increase of both dental caries and antemortem tooth loss occurred in Modern Age individuals when compared to Medieval values, as reported for other regions. Increased trade with other continents may explain this deterioration of dental health, as food exchanges (mainly with America) contributed to diet changes for the overall population, including higher carbohydrate consumption (introduction of potatoes) at the expense of other vegetables. A sex-specific increase of dental disease with age, and a significantly higher prevalence of carious lesions in Modern Age females than in males, were also found. These changes can be explained by women having had limited access to dental care after the Middle-Modern Age transition, as a consequence of socio-cultural and political changes. In these changes, an increasing influence of the Catholic Church in Spanish society has to be noted, as it can contribute to the explanation of the unequal dental health of men and women. Women were socially excluded from dental care by regulations inspired by religious precepts.
Authors:
Belen Lopez; Antonio F Pardiñas; Eva Garcia-Vazquez; Eduardo Dopico
Related Documents :
21726288 - The validity of self-reported dental agenesis.
21656388 - A survey of swiss swimming pool attendants' knowledge of first-aid treatment after lip ...
21943368 - Impact of traumatic dental injuries and malocclusions on quality of life of young child...
21678018 - Pregnancy outcomes among female dental personnel - a registry-based retrospective cohor...
16006398 - Paetus, it does not hurt: altruistic suicide in the greco-roman world.
24147388 - Computerized tomography, stereolithography and dental implants in the rehabilitation of...
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-1-18
Journal Detail:
Title:  Homo : internationale Zeitschrift fur die vergleichende Forschung am Menschen     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1618-1301     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-1-23     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0374655     Medline TA:  Homo     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Departamento de Biología de Organismos y Sistemas, Universidad de Oviedo, Spain.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Mortality and morbidity in the city of Bern, Switzerland, 1805-1815 with special emphasis on infant,...
Next Document:  Extraocular Sebaceous Carcinoma: A Report of 2 Cases.