Document Detail


The Socio-Ecology of Zoonotic Infections.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21175957     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The resurgence of infectious diseases of zoonotic origin observed in recent year imposes a major morbidity/mortality burden worldwide, but also a major economic burden that extends beyond pure medical costs. Zoonoses' resurgence and epidemiology is complex and dynamic, influenced by varying parameters that can roughly be categorized as human-related, pathogen-related, and climate/environment-related; there is significant interplay between these factors though. Human-related factors include modern life trends as ecotourism, increased exposure through hunting or pet owning, culinary habits; industrialization sequelae as farming/ food chain intensification, globalization of trade, human intrusion in ecosystems and unrbanization, significant alterations in political regimes or conflict with accompanying breakdown of public health and surveillance infrastructure, voluntary or involuntary immigration, loosening of border control, and hierarchy issues in related-decision making; but also scientific advances that allow easier detection of zoonotic infections and evolution of novel susceptible immunocompromised populations. Pathogen-related factors include alterations in ecosystems and biodiversity that influence local fauna synthesis favouring expansion of disease hosts or vectors, pressure for virulence/ resistance selection, and genomic variability. Climate/ environment-related factors, either localized or extended as El-Nino Southern Oscillation or global warming may affect host/ vector lifecycles through varying mechanisms. Emergent issues needing clarification include the development of predictive models for infectious disease impact of environmental projects, awareness of the risk imposed on immunocompromised populations and recognition of chronicity burden for certain zoonoses, as well as development of different evaluations of the overall stress imposed by a zoonotic infection on a household, and not strictly a person.
Authors:
Antonio Cascio; Mile Bosilkovski; Alfonso J Rodriguez-Morales; Georgios Pappas
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2010-12-22
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical microbiology and infection : the official publication of the European Society of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1469-0691     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2010 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-12-23     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9516420     Medline TA:  Clin Microbiol Infect     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2010 European Society of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases.
Affiliation:
Tropical and Parasitological Diseases Unit, Department of Human Pathology, University of Messina, Messina, Italy Working Group on Zoonoses, International Society of Chemotherapy University Clinic for Infectious Diseases and Febrile Conditions, Skopje, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Public Health Division, Dept. of Preventive and Social Medicine, Razetti Medical School; Faculty of Medicine, Central University of Venezuela (UCV), Caracas, Venezuela. Institute of Continuing Medical Education of Ioannina, Greece.
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