Document Detail


Social tolerance in a despotic primate: co-feeding between consortship partners in rhesus macaques.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22415860     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Food sharing among nonkin-one of the most fascinating cooperative behaviors in humans-is not widespread in nonhuman primates. Over the past few years, a large body of work has investigated the contexts in which primates cooperate and share food with unrelated individuals. This work has successfully demonstrated that species-specific differences in temperament constrain the extent to which food sharing emerges in experimental situations, with despotic species being less likely to share food than tolerant ones. However, little experimental work has examined the contexts that promote food sharing and cooperation within a species. Here, we examine whether one salient reproductive context-the consortship dyad-can allow the necessary social tolerance for co-feeding to emerge in an extremely despotic species, the rhesus macaque (Macaca mulatta). We gave naturally formed male-female rhesus macaque pairs access to a monopolizable food site in the free-ranging population at Cayo Santiago, Puerto Rico. Using this method, we were able to show that tolerated co-feeding between unrelated adults can take place in this despotic species. Specifically, our results show that consort pairs co-fed at the experimental food site more than nonconsort control pairs, leading females to obtain more food in this context. These results suggest that co-feeding is possible even in the most despotic of primate species, but perhaps only in contexts that specifically promote the necessary social tolerance. Researchers might profit from exploring whether other kinds of within-species contexts could also generate cooperative behaviors.
Authors:
Constance Dubuc; Kelly D Hughes; Julie Cascio; Laurie R Santos
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural     Date:  2012-03-13
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of physical anthropology     Volume:  148     ISSN:  1096-8644     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Phys. Anthropol.     Publication Date:  2012 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-04-16     Completed Date:  2012-06-12     Revised Date:  2014-10-02    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0400654     Medline TA:  Am J Phys Anthropol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  73-80     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Agonistic Behavior / physiology
Animals
Competitive Behavior / physiology
Cooperative Behavior*
Feeding Behavior / physiology*
Female
Macaca mulatta / physiology*
Male
Sex Factors
Statistics, Nonparametric
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
5P40 RR003640-20/RR/NCRR NIH HHS; P40 RR003640/RR/NCRR NIH HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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