Document Detail


Social stratification, classroom climate, and the behavioral adaptation of kindergarten children.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23045637     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Socioeconomic status (SES) is the single most potent determinant of health within human populations, from infancy through old age. Although the social stratification of health is nearly universal, there is persistent uncertainty regarding the dimensions of SES that effect such inequalities and thus little clarity about the principles of intervention by which inequalities might be abated. Guided by animal models of hierarchical organization and the health correlates of subordination, this prospective study examined the partitioning of children's adaptive behavioral development by their positions within kindergarten classroom hierarchies. A sample of 338 5-y-old children was recruited from 29 Berkeley, California public school classrooms. A naturalistic observational measure of social position, parent-reported family SES, and child-reported classroom climate were used in estimating multilevel, random-effects models of children's adaptive behavior at the end of the kindergarten year. Children occupying subordinate positions had significantly more maladaptive behavioral outcomes than their dominant peers. Further, interaction terms revealed that low family SES and female sex magnified, and teachers' child-centered pedagogical practices diminished, the adverse influences of social subordination. Taken together, results suggest that, even within early childhood groups, social stratification is associated with a partitioning of adaptive behavioral outcomes and that the character of larger societal and school structures in which such groups are nested can moderate rank-behavior associations.
Authors:
W Thomas Boyce; Jelena Obradovic; Nicole R Bush; Juliet Stamperdahl; Young Shin Kim; Nancy Adler
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2012-10-08
Journal Detail:
Title:  Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America     Volume:  109 Suppl 2     ISSN:  1091-6490     ISO Abbreviation:  Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-17     Completed Date:  2013-01-16     Revised Date:  2013-07-11    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7505876     Medline TA:  Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  17168-73     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
School of Population and Public Health, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada. tom.boyce@ubc.ca
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adaptation, Psychological
California
Child
Child Behavior*
Child Development
Child, Preschool
Female
Humans
Male
Mental Health
Models, Psychological
Prospective Studies
Social Behavior
Social Class*
Social Dominance*
Social Environment
Students
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
R01 MH62320/MH/NIMH NIH HHS
Comments/Corrections

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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