Document Detail

Social and leisure activities and risk of dementia: a prospective longitudinal study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7730528     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To study the relationship between social and leisure activities and risk of subsequent dementia in older community residents. SETTING: A cohort study of people aged 65 and older were followed-up 1 and 3 years after a baseline screening (the Paquid study). PARTICIPANTS: 2040 older subjects living at home in Gironde (France) were randomly selected and followed for at least 3 years. DATA COLLECTION: Information about social and leisure activities was collected during the baseline screening with an interview by a psychologist. Incident cases of dementia were detected during the first and third year follow-up screenings according to the DSM-III-R criteria. MAIN RESULTS: All but one of the social and leisure activities noted were significantly associated with a lower risk of dementia. Only golden club participation was not significantly associated with this risk. After adjustment for age and cognitive performance measured by the Mini-Mental State Exam, visual memory test, and verbal fluency test, only traveling (Relative risk (RR) = .48,95% Confidence Interval (95% CI) = .24-.94), odd jobs or knitting (RR = .46,95% CI = .26-.85), and gardening (RR = .53, 95% CI = .28-.99) remained significant. CONCLUSIONS: Regular participation in social or leisure activities such as traveling, odd jobs, knitting, or gardening were associated with a lower risk of subsequent dementia.
C Fabrigoule; L Letenneur; J F Dartigues; M Zarrouk; D Commenges; P Barberger-Gateau
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the American Geriatrics Society     Volume:  43     ISSN:  0002-8614     ISO Abbreviation:  J Am Geriatr Soc     Publication Date:  1995 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1995-06-01     Completed Date:  1995-06-01     Revised Date:  2008-03-10    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7503062     Medline TA:  J Am Geriatr Soc     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  485-90     Citation Subset:  IM    
INSERM U 330, Université de Bordeaux II, France.
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MeSH Terms
Aged, 80 and over
Cohort Studies
Confidence Intervals
Dementia / etiology,  prevention & control*
Interpersonal Relations*
Leisure Activities*
Longitudinal Studies
Prospective Studies
Risk Factors
Comment In:
J Am Geriatr Soc. 1995 May;43(5):583-4   [PMID:  7730545 ]

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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