Document Detail

Social cues at encoding affect memory in 4-month-old infants.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22047172     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Available evidence suggests that infants use adults' social cues for learning by the second half of the first year of life. However, little is known about the short-term or long-term effects of joint attention interactions on learning and memory in younger infants. In the present study, 4-month-old infants were familiarized with visually presented objects in either of two conditions that differed in the degree of joint attention (high vs. low). Brain activity in response to familiar and novel objects was assessed immediately after the familiarization phase (immediate recognition), and following a 1-week delay (delayed recognition). The latency of the Nc component differentiated between recognition of old versus new objects. Pb amplitude and latency were affected by joint attention in delayed recognition. Moreover, the frequency of infant gaze to the experimenter during familiarization differed between the two experimental groups and modulated the Pb response. Results show that joint attention affects the mechanisms of long-term retention in 4-month-old infants. We conclude that joint attention helps children at this young age to recognize the relevance of learned items.
Franziska Kopp; Ulman Lindenberger
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-11-3
Journal Detail:
Title:  Social neuroscience     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1747-0927     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-11-3     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101279009     Medline TA:  Soc Neurosci     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
a Max Planck Institute for Human Development , Berlin , Germany.
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