Document Detail

Social context and psychosocial influences on blood pressure among American Samoans.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9185949     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
This study explores social and explores social and economic influences on health within a model formulated to address explicitly both individual and household level phenomena. Dressler's lifestyle incongruity model is used as a basis from which to predict the effects of intracultural contexts of variability on blood pressure. The sample for this survey consists of 134 Samoan men and women living in American Samoa. Based on previous experience and ethnographic sources, two key intracultural contexts were examined; gender, i.e., male-female differences in response to psychosocial stress, and household employment as indicated by whether or not both spouses in a household are employed. Our analysis indicates that lifestyle incongruity, defined as the difference between the material culture presented by a household and the economic resources of the family, is significantly associated with both systolic and diastolic blood pressure. Furthermore, males and females show opposite blood pressure associations with both lifestyle incongruity (male blood pressure increases with increasing incongruity while female blood pressure does not) and household employment (male blood pressure is higher when both spouses work but female blood pressure is lower).
J R Bindon; A Knight; W W Dressler; D E Crews
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of physical anthropology     Volume:  103     ISSN:  0002-9483     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Phys. Anthropol.     Publication Date:  1997 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-07-29     Completed Date:  1997-07-29     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0400654     Medline TA:  Am J Phys Anthropol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  7-18     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Anthropology, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa 35487, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Aged, 80 and over
American Samoa
Blood Pressure*
Life Style*
Middle Aged
Models, Psychological
Sex Factors
Socioeconomic Factors
Stress, Psychological*
Grant Support

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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