Document Detail


Social comparison and affiliation under threat: effects on recovery from major surgery.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8939044     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This study extends stress and affiliation research by examining the effects of preoperative roommate assignments on the affiliation patterns, preoperative anxiety, and postoperative recovery of 84 male coronary-bypass patients. Patients were assigned preoperatively to a room alone or to a semiprivate room with a roommate who was either cardiac or noncardiac and either preoperative or postoperative. Patients assigned to a roommate who was postoperative rather than preoperative were less anxious, were more ambulatory postoperatively, and had shorter postoperative stays. Independently, patients were more ambulatory postoperatively and were discharged sooner if assigned to a roommate who was cardiac rather than noncardiac. No-roommate patients generally had the slowest recoveries. Affiliations reflecting cognitive clarity concerns, emotional comparison, and emotional support were examined. Theoretical implications for research involving social comparison and affiliation under threat are considered.
Authors:
J A Kulik; H I Mahler; P J Moore
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of personality and social psychology     Volume:  71     ISSN:  0022-3514     ISO Abbreviation:  J Pers Soc Psychol     Publication Date:  1996 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-01-14     Completed Date:  1997-01-14     Revised Date:  2009-11-11    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0014171     Medline TA:  J Pers Soc Psychol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  967-79     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Psychology, University of California, San Diego, LaJolla 92093, USA. jkulik@ucsd.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Aged
Arousal*
Coronary Artery Bypass / psychology*
Humans
Interpersonal Relations*
Male
Middle Aged
Object Attachment
Postoperative Complications / psychology
Sick Role*
Social Environment*
Social Identification*
Treatment Outcome
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
HS06348/HS/AHRQ HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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