Document Detail


Social cognition mediates illness-related and cognitive influences on social function in patients with schizophrenia-spectrum disorders.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20040246     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Although cognition has been studied extensively among patients with schizophrenia, social cognition has only recently emerged as an area of interest. The objective of the current study was to use structural equation modelling to test the hypothesis that the relation between cognitive performance and social function is mediated by patients' social cognitive abilities. METHODS: We assessed participants who met criteria for a schizophrenia-spectrum disorder, with equal distribution among first- and multi-episode participants, and nonpsychiatric controls on a range of measures within each of the domains of cognition, social cognition and social function. RESULTS: Using structural equation modelling, we derived a model that explained 79.7% of the variance in social function and demonstrated that the link between cognition and social function was fully mediated by social cognition. LIMITATIONS: A limitation of this study is that the measures contributing to the structural equation modelling analysis were obtained at the same point in time. Thus, the temporal order of causation suggested by Model 2 remains theoretically specified. CONCLUSION: This study provides some first steps in understanding the complex relation between cognition and social function. Such a relation has potential implications for the design of remediation strategies.
Authors:
Jean Addington; Todd A Girard; Bruce K Christensen; Donald Addington
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of psychiatry & neuroscience : JPN     Volume:  35     ISSN:  1488-2434     ISO Abbreviation:  J Psychiatry Neurosci     Publication Date:  2010 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-12-30     Completed Date:  2010-03-01     Revised Date:  2010-09-28    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9107859     Medline TA:  J Psychiatry Neurosci     Country:  Canada    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  49-54     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Psychiatry, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada. jean_addington@camh.net
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Cognition*
Facial Expression
Female
Humans
Longitudinal Studies
Male
Middle Aged
Models, Psychological*
Psychological Tests
Schizophrenia
Schizophrenic Psychology*
Social Behavior*
Social Perception
Time Factors
Young Adult
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
//Canadian Institutes of Health Research
Comments/Corrections

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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