Document Detail

Social capital and health of older Europeans: Causal pathways and health inequalities.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22748478     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
This study uses a time-based approach to examine the causal relationship (Granger-like) between health and social capital for older people in Europe. We use panel data from waves 1 and 2 of SHARE (the Survey of Health, Ageing, and Retirement in Europe) for the analysis. Additional wave 3 data on retrospective life histories (SHARELIFE) are used to model the initial conditions in the model. For each of the first 2 waves, a dummy variable for involvement in social activities (voluntary associations, church, social clubs, etc.) is used as a proxy for social capital as involvement in Putnamesque associations; and seven health dichotomous variables are retained, covering a wide range of physical and mental health measures. A bivariate recursive Probit model is used to simultaneously investigate (i) the influence of baseline social capital on current health - controlling for baseline health and other current covariates, and (ii) the impact of baseline health on current participation in social activities - controlling for baseline social capital and other current covariates. As expected, we account for a reversed causal effect: individual social capital has a causal beneficial impact on health and vice-versa. However, the effect of health on social capital appears to be significantly higher than the social capital effect on health. These results indicate that the sub-population reaching 50 years old in good health has a higher propensity to take part in social activities and to benefit from it. Conversely, the other part of the population in poor health at 50, may see their health worsening faster because of the missing beneficial effect of social capital. Social capital may therefore be a potential vector of health inequalities for the older population.
Nicolas Sirven; Thierry Debrand
Related Documents :
24661388 - "the mothers have eaten unripe grapes and the children's teeth are set on edge": the po...
22990218 - Secondhand smoke exposure among canadians: cotinine and self-report measures from the c...
24308468 - Health survey will focus on 15 year olds and their needs.
22454438 - Associations between self-rated health with cardiorespiratory fitness and obesity statu...
18844508 - Improving overall health status through the chip intervention.
10592138 - Occupational exposure to environmental tobacco smoke and health risk assessment.
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-6-4
Journal Detail:
Title:  Social science & medicine (1982)     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1873-5347     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-7-3     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8303205     Medline TA:  Soc Sci Med     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
IRDES, Paris, France; LAREFI, Université Montesquieu-Bordeaux IV, France.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Postoperative morbidity and mortality factors after laparoscopic resection for colon cancer in octog...
Next Document:  Synthetic cannabinoids in "spice-like" herbal blends: First appearance of JWH-307 and recurrence of ...