Document Detail

Snacking definitions: impact on interpretation of the literature and dietary recommendations.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20924867     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Snacking is a ubiquitous practice that has increased in recent years. However, the impact of snacking on the diet is difficult to assess because a variety of approaches have been used to define snacking (and snack foods) in the literature. This lack of a universally accepted definition complicates interpretation of the literature and limits the development of science-based recommendations for consumers. The purpose of this review is to illustrate this problem by showing that the conclusions derived from the literature are heavily dependent on the definition used or implied by the authors. It is suggested that the a universally accepted definition for snacking be developed by a coalition of stakeholders to provide a template for future research, guidance for the food industry and to enable the development of well-substantiated dietary recommendations.
Guy H Johnson; G Harvey Anderson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Critical reviews in food science and nutrition     Volume:  50     ISSN:  1549-7852     ISO Abbreviation:  Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr     Publication Date:  2010 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-10-06     Completed Date:  2010-12-28     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8914818     Medline TA:  Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  848-71     Citation Subset:  IM    
Johnson Nutrition Solutions, Kalamazoo, Michigan 49009, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Aged, 80 and over
Body Weight
Diet / standards*,  trends*
Energy Intake
Food Habits*
Guidelines as Topic
Middle Aged
Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
Nutritional Requirements*
Young Adult

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