Document Detail


Smoking scenes in popular Japanese serial television dramas: descriptive analysis during the same 3-month period in two consecutive years.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16554358     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Japanese serial television dramas are becoming very popular overseas, particularly in other Asian countries. Exposure to smoking scenes in movies and television dramas has been known to trigger initiation of habitual smoking in young people. Smoking scenes in Japanese dramas may affect the smoking behavior of many young Asians. We examined smoking scenes and smoking-related items in serial television dramas targeting young audiences in Japan during the same season in two consecutive years. Fourteen television dramas targeting the young audience broadcast between July and September in 2001 and 2002 were analyzed. A total of 136 h 42 min of television programs were divided into unit scenes of 3 min (a total of 2734 unit scenes). All the unit scenes were reviewed for smoking scenes and smoking-related items. Of the 2734 3-min unit scenes, 205 (7.5%) were actual smoking scenes and 387 (14.2%) depicted smoking environments with the presence of smoking-related items, such as ash trays. In 185 unit scenes (90.2% of total smoking scenes), actors were shown smoking. Actresses were less frequently shown smoking (9.8% of total smoking scenes). Smoking characters in dramas were in the 20-49 age group in 193 unit scenes (94.1% of total smoking scenes). In 96 unit scenes (46.8% of total smoking scenes), at least one non-smoker was present in the smoking scenes. The smoking locations were mainly indoors, including offices, restaurants and homes (122 unit scenes, 59.6%). The most common smoking-related items shown were ash trays (in 45.5% of smoking-item-related scenes) and cigarettes (in 30.2% of smoking-item-related scenes). Only 3 unit scenes (0.1 % of all scenes) promoted smoking prohibition. This was a descriptive study to examine the nature of smoking scenes observed in Japanese television dramas from a public health perspective.
Authors:
Hideyuki Kanda; Tomonori Okamura; Tanvir Chowdhury Turin; Takehito Hayakawa; Takashi Kadowaki; Hirotsugu Ueshima
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2006-03-22
Journal Detail:
Title:  Health promotion international     Volume:  21     ISSN:  0957-4824     ISO Abbreviation:  Health Promot Int     Publication Date:  2006 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-05-22     Completed Date:  2006-10-30     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9008939     Medline TA:  Health Promot Int     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  98-103     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Fukushima Medical University, 1 Hikarigaoka, Fukushima 960-1295, Japan. hkanda@fmu.ac.jp
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Cues
Drama*
Female
Humans
Japan
Male
Middle Aged
Smoking*
Television / statistics & numerical data*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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