Document Detail

Smoking and obesity are associated with the progression of aortic stenosis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11253465     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study was to identify clinical predictors of progression of aortic stenosis. BACKGROUND: The natural history of valvular aortic stenosis includes a latency period followed by an unpredictable progression. Recent investigations have shown an association between risk factors for atherosclerosis and the presence of aortic stenosis. The authors hypothesized that atherosclerosis risk factors are also associated with the progression of aortic stenosis. METHODS: In a retrospective study, patients with a diagnosis of aortic stenosis were identified by continuous wave Doppler and a follow-up study of at least 6 months. Clinical data at the time of the index echocardiogram were obtained from review of patients' medical records. Independent risk factors for the progression of aortic stenosis were identified by stepwise logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: One hundred twenty-three patients were identified, and complete data were obtained for 87 patients (mean age, 70.7 +/- 10 years; men, 81%; mean follow-up, 2.54 +/- 1.6 years). The initial gradient was mild in 61% of patients and moderate in 31%. The mean rate of progression was 6.3 +/- 13 mm Hg/year. Mild aortic stenosis in 36% of patients at the time of the index echocardiogram progressed to moderate or severe over an average of 2.9 +/- 2.0 years. Independent clinical factors associated with a progression of 5 mm Hg/year or greater included a history of smoking (relative risk [RR] = 3.06; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.09-8.61; p = 0.034) and body mass index (RR = 1.16; 95% CI = 1.03-1.30; p = 0.013). Hypertension, diabetes, cholesterol, age, gender, and coronary artery disease were not independently associated with progression. CONCLUSIONS: Body mass index and a history of smoking are independent predictors of significant progression of aortic stenosis, defined as > 5 mm Hg/year. The rate of progression of aortic stenosis is variable. However, a substantial number of patients have progression of even initially mild aortic stenosis within a relatively short period of time. The effect of controlling atherosclerosis risk factors on the rate of progression of aortic stenosis remains to be determined.
M V Ngo; J S Gottdiener; R D Fletcher; D J Fernicola; B J Gersh
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of geriatric cardiology     Volume:  10     ISSN:  1076-7460     ISO Abbreviation:  Am J Geriatr Cardiol     Publication Date:    2001 Mar-Apr
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-03-19     Completed Date:  2001-04-12     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9215283     Medline TA:  Am J Geriatr Cardiol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  86-90     Citation Subset:  IM    
Division of Cardiology, Georgetown University Medical Center, Washington, DC, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Aortic Valve Stenosis / physiopathology*
Body Mass Index
Echocardiography, Doppler
Follow-Up Studies
Obesity / complications*
Retrospective Studies
Risk Factors
Smoking / adverse effects*
Comment In:
Am J Geriatr Cardiol. 2001 Mar-Apr;10(2):76   [PMID:  11253463 ]

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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