Document Detail

Smoking cessation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11904115     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Smoking is a risk factor for the four leading causes of death in the United States, yet 48 million Americans--24% of the U.S. adult population--continue to smoke. Approximately 70% of people who smoke visit a physician each year, yet only half report ever being advised to quit smoking by their physician. Smoking cessation is difficult due to nicotine addiction and withdrawal symptoms. Expert groups such as the National Cancer Institute and the Agency for Health Care Policy and Research offer protocols for smoking cessation that primary care physicians can use in their office practice. Recent developments in the pharmacotherapy of smoking cessation has led the U.S. Public Health Service to update the practice guidelines for treating tobacco use and dependence. Pharmacotherapy, which includes nicotine replacement therapy, offers assistance to patients who want to stop smoking. However, the cost of pharmacotherapy may be a barrier for some. Other nonpharmacologic therapies, such as counseling, are also effective.
Bernard Karnath
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of medicine     Volume:  112     ISSN:  0002-9343     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Med.     Publication Date:  2002 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-03-20     Completed Date:  2002-04-02     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0267200     Medline TA:  Am J Med     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  399-405     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Department of Internal Medicine, University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston, 301 University Boulevard, Galveston, TX 77555-0566, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Chewing Gum
Drug Therapy / economics
Nicotine* / administration & dosage,  adverse effects,  therapeutic use
Physician's Role*
Risk Factors
Smoking* / adverse effects,  drug therapy,  epidemiology
Smoking Cessation / methods*
United States / epidemiology
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Chewing Gum; 54-11-5/Nicotine

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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