Document Detail

Review: smoking cessation strategies in patients with lung disease.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23422475     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Smoking is related to a great variety of pathological conditions, many of which affect the respiratory system, such as lung cancer and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Smoking cessation should be an integral part of the therapeutic approach to patients with pulmonary disease.
AIM: The objective was to provide a systematic review of the efficacy of the various treatments for smoking cessation in patients with diagnosed pulmonary disease.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a search in the PubMed database in order to find studies related to the efficiency of smoking cessation treatments for this group of patients. Studies with confusing or no data on outcome and follow-up, and studies which did not use validated techniques were excluded.
RESULTS: The current treatment options include pharmaceutical therapies (bupropion, varenicline, etc) and counselling techniques. In the few trials that have been conducted, both approaches seem to be effective for treating tobacco dependence, with even higher abstinence rates, when combined.
CONCLUSION: Despite the promising results, more research is necessary, especially in patients with lung cancer, in order to determine the most beneficial smoking cessation treatment for each group of patients.
Georgia Tsiapa; Ioannis Gkiozos; Kyriakos Souliotis; Kostas Syrigos
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  In vivo (Athens, Greece)     Volume:  27     ISSN:  1791-7549     ISO Abbreviation:  In Vivo     Publication Date:    2013 Mar-Apr
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-02-20     Completed Date:  2013-08-22     Revised Date:  2014-07-31    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8806809     Medline TA:  In Vivo     Country:  Greece    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  171-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Benzazepines / therapeutic use*
Bupropion / therapeutic use*
Clinical Trials as Topic
Combined Modality Therapy
Directive Counseling*
Lung Diseases / complications,  therapy*
Nicotinic Antagonists / therapeutic use*
Quinoxalines / therapeutic use*
Smoking Cessation / methods*
Tobacco Use Cessation Products
Treatment Outcome
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Benzazepines; 0/Nicotinic Antagonists; 0/Quinoxalines; 01ZG3TPX31/Bupropion; W6HS99O8ZO/varenicline

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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