Document Detail


Smoking cessation: social comparison level predicts success for adult smokers.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16287409     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The affiliation preferences of 151 adult heavy smokers who joined smoking cessation groups were assessed at the 1st group session and were then used to predict their smoking status 6 and 12 months later. Those who preferred to be in groups with other smokers who were having relatively little trouble quitting were more likely to be successful than were those who preferred others who were having more difficulty quitting. This prospective effect was mediated by psychological distancing from the image of the typical smoker: Preference for others who were doing well was associated with a decrease in perceived similarity to the typical smoker, which, in turn, was associated with successful cessation. Implications of these findings for cessation groups and social comparison theory are discussed.
Authors:
Meg Gerrard; Frederick X Gibbons; David J Lane; Michelle L Stock
Related Documents :
10190559 - Hprt mutant frequency and aromatic dna adduct level in non-smoking and smoking lung can...
11216419 - Interpopulation differences in acoustic characteristics of phonation.
2725119 - The effect of different dosages of a transdermal nicotine substitution system on the su...
7468879 - Smoking and weight: the minnesota lipid research clinic.
12914559 - Reference values for the geometric centre analysis of colonic transit measurements with...
8340249 - Lung cancer incidence rate for male ex-smokers according to age at cessation of smoking.
25093339 - The age related markers lipofuscin and apoptosis show different genetic architecture by...
7187179 - Eeg abnormalities in chronic alcoholism related to age.
23909579 - Off-premise alcohol outlets and substance use in young and emerging adults.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Health psychology : official journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association     Volume:  24     ISSN:  0278-6133     ISO Abbreviation:  Health Psychol     Publication Date:  2005 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-11-18     Completed Date:  2006-04-14     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8211523     Medline TA:  Health Psychol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  623-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Psychology, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011-3180, USA. mgerrard@iastate.edu
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Male
Prospective Studies
Questionnaires
Smoking / prevention & control*
Smoking Cessation / methods*,  statistics & numerical data*
Social Behavior*
Social Distance*
Treatment Outcome
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
DA07534A/DA/NIDA NIH HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  HIV-specific social support predicts less sexual risk behavior in gay male couples.
Next Document:  Depression in adults with type 2 diabetes: the role of adherence, body mass index, and self-efficacy...