Document Detail


Smoking cessation, smoking reduction, and delayed quitting among smokers given nicotine patches and a self-help pamphlet.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12766377     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Over-the-counter nicotine replacement raises questions regarding its "real world" efficacy. This was an open-label, prospective study of 223 smokers who received 42 free nicotine patches and a self-help booklet via shopping mall distribution. The overall quit rate 6 months following distribution of the nicotine patches was 22% (50/223), almost the same quit rate found 6 weeks following patch distribution (21%, 47/223). Twelve percent (27/223) were abstinent at both 6 weeks and 6 months. Among the 83 participants who did not quit, cigarettes smoked per day dropped from 28 to 18. A substantial subgroup of quitters (14%) who, although still smoking at 6 weeks, were smoke free at 6 months, and it appears they had purposefully delayed a serious quit attempt. These results support the usefulness of nicotine patches in helping smokers quit, even with only minimal intervention such as a self-help manual.
Authors:
Denise G Jolicoeur; Kimber P Richter; Jasjit S Ahluwalia; Michael C Mosier; Ken Resnicow
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Substance abuse : official publication of the Association for Medical Education and Research in Substance Abuse     Volume:  24     ISSN:  0889-7077     ISO Abbreviation:  Subst Abus     Publication Date:  2003 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-05-26     Completed Date:  2003-08-20     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8808537     Medline TA:  Subst Abus     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  101-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, Massachusetts, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Female
Harm Reduction / drug effects
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Nicotine / administration & dosage*
Pamphlets
Patient Education as Topic*
Smoking / prevention & control*
Smoking Cessation*
Time Factors
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
K01 DA00450/DA/NIDA NIH HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
54-11-5/Nicotine

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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