Document Detail


Smoking cessation rates in the United States: a comparison of young adult and older smokers.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18172143     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVES: We compared smoking quit rates by age in a nationally representative sample to determine differences in cessation rates among younger and older adults.
METHODS: We used data on recent dependent smokers aged 18 to 64 years from the 2003 Tobacco Use Supplement to the Current Population Survey (n=31625).
RESULTS: Young adults (aged 18-24 years) were more likely than were older adults (aged 35-64 years) to report having seriously tried to quit (84% vs 66%, P<.01) and to have quit for 6 months or longer (8.5% vs 5.0%, P<.01). Among those who seriously tried to quit, a smoke-free home was associated with quitting for 6 months or longer (odds ratio [OR]=4.13; 95% confidence interval [CI]=3.25, 5.26). Compared with older smokers, young adults were more likely to have smoke-free homes (43% vs 30%, P<.01), were less likely to use pharmaceutical aids (9.8% vs 23.7%, P<.01), and smoked fewer cigarettes per day (13.2% vs 17.4%, P<.01).
CONCLUSIONS: Young adults were more likely than were older adults to quit smoking successfully. This could be explained partly by young adults, more widespread interest in quitting, higher prevalence of smoke-free homes, and lower levels of dependence. High cessation rates among young adults may also reflect changing social norms.
Authors:
Karen Messer; Dennis R Trinidad; Wael K Al-Delaimy; John P Pierce
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2008-01-02
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of public health     Volume:  98     ISSN:  1541-0048     ISO Abbreviation:  Am J Public Health     Publication Date:  2008 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-01-24     Completed Date:  2008-02-26     Revised Date:  2013-06-06    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1254074     Medline TA:  Am J Public Health     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  317-22     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Cancer Prevention and Control Program, Moores UCSD Cancer Center, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093-0901, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Age Factors
Data Collection
Female
Housing
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Smoking / epidemiology,  therapy
Smoking Cessation / methods,  statistics & numerical data*
Tobacco Use Disorder / epidemiology
United States / epidemiology
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From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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