Document Detail

Smoking cessation attempts among adolescent smokers: a systematic review of prevalence studies.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18048598     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To synthesise estimates of the prevalence of cessation attempts among adolescent smokers generally, and according to age and level of cigarette consumption.
DATA SOURCES: PubMed, ERIC, and PsychInfo databases and Internet searches of central data collection agencies.
STUDY SELECTION: National population-based studies published in English between 1990 and 2005 reporting the prevalence, frequency and/or duration of cessation attempts among smokers aged >or=10 to <20 years.
DATA EXTRACTION: Five reviewers determined inclusion criteria for full-text reports. One reviewer extracted data on the design, population characteristics and results from the reports.
DATA SYNTHESIS: In total, 52 studies conformed to the inclusion criteria. The marked heterogeneity that characterised the study populations and survey questions precluded a meta-analysis. Among adolescent current smokers, the median 6-month, 12-month and lifetime cessation attempt prevalence was 58% (range: 22-73%), 68% (range 43-92%) and 71% (range 28-84%), respectively. More than half had made multiple attempts. Among smokers who had attempted cessation, the median prevalence of relapse was 34, 56, 89 and 92% within 1 week, 1 month, 6 months, and 1 year, respectively, following the longest attempt. Younger (age<16 years) and non-daily smokers experienced a similar or higher prevalence of cessation attempts compared with older (age >or=16 years) or daily smokers. Moreover, the prevalence of relapse by 6 months following the longest cessation attempt was similar across age and smoking frequency.
CONCLUSIONS: The high prevalence of cessation attempts and relapse among adolescent smokers extends to young adolescents and non-daily smokers. Cessation surveillance, research and program development should be more inclusive of these subgroups.
Christina Bancej; Jennifer O'Loughlin; Robert W Platt; Gilles Paradis; André Gervais
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Tobacco control     Volume:  16     ISSN:  1468-3318     ISO Abbreviation:  Tob Control     Publication Date:  2007 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-11-30     Completed Date:  2008-04-02     Revised Date:  2013-06-06    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9209612     Medline TA:  Tob Control     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  e8     Citation Subset:  IM    
McGill University, Department of Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Occupational Health, Montreal, Canada.
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MeSH Terms
Behavior, Addictive
Health Behavior
Risk Factors
Smoking / epidemiology*
Smoking Cessation / statistics & numerical data*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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