Document Detail


Smoking cessation after acute myocardial infarction: the effects of exercise training.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3239464     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
To determine the influence of exercise training on smoking after acute myocardial infarction (AMI), smoking rates in 42 pre-AMI smokers assigned to exercise training were compared with 26 pre-AMI smokers assigned to no training. Exercise training occurred 3-26 weeks after AMI. The increase in functional capacity in 3-26 weeks was significantly greater in training than in no-training patients: 1.8 vs. 1.2 METs respectively (p less than 0.05). Adherence to exercise training was higher in non-smokers and former smokers than in those who continued to smoke: 89% and 88% vs. 80% respectively (NS). The prevalence of smoking 6 months post-AMI was lower in training than in no-training patients: 31% vs. 39% respectively (NS). Plasma thiocyanates collected on a random sample of 42 patients suggested that 19% of patients who are smoking after MI fail to report doing so. Self-reported cigarette consumption at 28 weeks was half as great in training as in no-training patients: 11 +/- 7 vs. 22 +/- 16 cigarettes per day (p less than 0.03). Firm advice to stop smoking followed by medically supervised exercise training with frequent followup reduces self-reported cigarette consumption in patients after AMI.
Authors:
C B Taylor; N Houston-Miller; W L Haskell; R F Debusk
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Controlled Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Addictive behaviors     Volume:  13     ISSN:  0306-4603     ISO Abbreviation:  Addict Behav     Publication Date:  1988  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1989-04-27     Completed Date:  1989-04-27     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7603486     Medline TA:  Addict Behav     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  331-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Stanford University School of Medicine, CA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Aged
Exercise*
Exercise Test
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Male
Myocardial Infarction / rehabilitation*
Smoking / adverse effects,  therapy*
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
85-HL-21-P/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS; HL 18907/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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