Document Detail


Smoking, arousal, and affect: the role of anxiety sensitivity.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19819669     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
PURPOSE: Despite evidence that smoking elevates peripheral autonomic nervous system activity, cigarette smokers commonly report smoking to reduce negative affect, or "calm down." Studies suggest that anxiety sensitivity is positively associated with the use of anxiolytic substances, but anxiety sensitivity is also characterized by aversive responding to elevations in physiological arousal. As such, anxiety sensitivity may be an important factor in the study of smoking, affect, and arousal. METHOD: Smokers smoked cigarettes in two experimental sessions: a Stressful Speech Condition and a No Stress Condition. Psychophysiological and self-report served as within-subjects, repeated measures. RESULTS: Findings revealed that smoking reduced anxiety in high anxiety sensitive smokers who smoked during a stressful situation, but not a no stress situation. Low anxiety sensitive smokers endorsed anxiolysis in both conditions. CONCLUSIONS: Results suggest that high anxiety sensitive smokers may be sensitive to the physiologically arousing effects of smoking in low stress, low arousal, situations.
Authors:
Daniel P Evatt; Jon D Kassel
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of anxiety disorders     Volume:  24     ISSN:  1873-7897     ISO Abbreviation:  J Anxiety Disord     Publication Date:  2010 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-12-16     Completed Date:  2010-03-02     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8710131     Medline TA:  J Anxiety Disord     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  114-23     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
University of Illinois at Chicago, Behavioral Sciences Building (MC 285), Chicago, IL 60607, United States. devatt1@jhmi.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Affect*
Analysis of Variance
Anxiety / psychology*
Arousal*
Electrocardiography
Female
Galvanic Skin Response / physiology
Heart Rate / physiology
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Neuropsychological Tests
Perception / physiology
Personality Inventory
Psychiatric Status Rating Scales
Questionnaires
Sex Factors
Smoking / psychology*
Stress, Psychological / psychology*
Time Factors

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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