Document Detail

Smoking, arousal, and affect: the role of anxiety sensitivity.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19819669     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
PURPOSE: Despite evidence that smoking elevates peripheral autonomic nervous system activity, cigarette smokers commonly report smoking to reduce negative affect, or "calm down." Studies suggest that anxiety sensitivity is positively associated with the use of anxiolytic substances, but anxiety sensitivity is also characterized by aversive responding to elevations in physiological arousal. As such, anxiety sensitivity may be an important factor in the study of smoking, affect, and arousal. METHOD: Smokers smoked cigarettes in two experimental sessions: a Stressful Speech Condition and a No Stress Condition. Psychophysiological and self-report served as within-subjects, repeated measures. RESULTS: Findings revealed that smoking reduced anxiety in high anxiety sensitive smokers who smoked during a stressful situation, but not a no stress situation. Low anxiety sensitive smokers endorsed anxiolysis in both conditions. CONCLUSIONS: Results suggest that high anxiety sensitive smokers may be sensitive to the physiologically arousing effects of smoking in low stress, low arousal, situations.
Daniel P Evatt; Jon D Kassel
Related Documents :
23645609 - Different patterns by age-group and gender of socioeconomic inequalities in smoking in ...
10867969 - The p300 brain potential is reduced in smokers.
3619189 - Salivary cotinine levels and involuntary tobacco smoke exposure in children and adults ...
18608119 - Smoking and low serum testosterone associates with high concentration of oxidized ldl.
17470019 - Longitudinal study of the association between smoking as a periodontitis risk and saliv...
24963269 - Frequent genital hsv-2 shedding among women during labor in soweto, south africa.
2676129 - The quantitative evaluation of risks: unresolved problems.
15120759 - Effect of gender on t-cell proliferative responses to myelin proteolipid protein antige...
25359859 - Prospective association of polycystic ovary syndrome with coronary artery calcification...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of anxiety disorders     Volume:  24     ISSN:  1873-7897     ISO Abbreviation:  J Anxiety Disord     Publication Date:  2010 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-12-16     Completed Date:  2010-03-02     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8710131     Medline TA:  J Anxiety Disord     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  114-23     Citation Subset:  IM    
University of Illinois at Chicago, Behavioral Sciences Building (MC 285), Chicago, IL 60607, United States.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Analysis of Variance
Anxiety / psychology*
Galvanic Skin Response / physiology
Heart Rate / physiology
Middle Aged
Neuropsychological Tests
Perception / physiology
Personality Inventory
Psychiatric Status Rating Scales
Sex Factors
Smoking / psychology*
Stress, Psychological / psychology*
Time Factors

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Breast cancer survivors' experiences of lymphedema-related symptoms.
Next Document:  Factors for healthy food or less-healthy food intake among Taiwanese adolescents with intellectual d...