Document Detail

Smoking among construction workers: the nonlinear influence of the economy, cigarette prices, and antismoking sentiment.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22795358     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Little research has been conducted on the influence of macroeconomic environments on smoking among blue-collar workers, a group with high smoking prevalence and that is especially vulnerable to the effects of changing economic circumstances. Using data from 52,418 construction workers in the Tobacco Use Supplement to the United States Current Population Survey, we examined the association of labor market shock, cigarette prices, and state antismoking sentiments with smoking status and average number of cigarettes smoked daily. Data analysis included the use of multiple linear and logistic regressions, which employed the sampling and replicate weights to account for sampling design. Unemployed, American-Indian, lower-educated and lower-income workers had higher smoking rates. Labor market shock had a quadratic association, which was non-significant for smoking status and significant for number of cigarettes. The association of cigarette prices with smoking status became non-significant after adjusting for state-level antismoking sentiment. State-level antismoking sentiment had significant quadratic association with smoking status among employed workers and significant quadratic association with number of cigarettes for all smokers. The study highlights how both workplace-based smoking cessation interventions and antismoking sentiments could further contribute to disparities in smoking by employment status.
Cassandra Okechukwu; Janine Bacic; Kai-Wen Cheng; Ralph Catalano
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural     Date:  2012-07-02
Journal Detail:
Title:  Social science & medicine (1982)     Volume:  75     ISSN:  1873-5347     ISO Abbreviation:  Soc Sci Med     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-08-10     Completed Date:  2012-11-28     Revised Date:  2013-10-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8303205     Medline TA:  Soc Sci Med     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1379-86     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Department of Society, Human Development and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, 677 Huntington Ave., Kresge 7th Floor, Boston, MA 02115, United States.,
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MeSH Terms
Attitude to Health*
Construction Industry*
Linear Models
Logistic Models
Middle Aged
Smoking / epidemiology*,  psychology
Tobacco Products / economics*
Unemployment / statistics & numerical data*
United States / epidemiology
Young Adult
Grant Support
L60 MD003645/MD/NIMHD NIH HHS; R25 CA113710/CA/NCI NIH HHS; R25CA0113710-04/CA/NCI NIH HHS

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