Document Detail

Smoking, Depression, and Gender in Low-Income African Americans with HIV/AIDS.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21895424     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Individuals with HIV/AIDS have disproportionately high depression and smoking prevalence rates. Smokers with HIV/AIDS are more susceptible to opportunistic infections, smoking-related illnesses, and mortality. African Americans (AAs) comprise nearly half of newly diagnosed HIV+ cases. We examined the relationship among smoking, depression, and gender in un- or under-insured AA patients (N = 289) at an urban community HIV/AIDS clinic in the southeastern US. Approximately 33% met criteria for a depressive disorder and 37% endorsed current smoking status. Men were more likely than women to be current smokers and depressed participants were more likely to smoke than non-depressed participants. Women had significantly higher rates of depression compared to men. Both depression and male gender independently predicted current smoking status. Depression and smoking are likely to co-occur in HIV/AIDS patients; however, standard smoking cessation interventions often exclude smokers with comorbid psychiatric and/or medical illnesses. Interventions addressing these comorbidities are warranted.
Diana W Stewart; Glenn N Jones; Kyle S Minor
Related Documents :
24789194 - Comparison of real-time pcr positivity rates of bordetella pertussis between specimens ...
21592434 - Primary prevention lessons learned from those with hiv in chennai, india.
21991374 - Incidence of hiv in windhoek, namibia: demographic and socio-economic associations.
22239504 - Characterizing hepatitis b stigma in chinese immigrants.
21461764 - Hiv prevalence and route of transmission in turkish immigrants living in north-rhine we...
17159264 - Prevalence & significance of hepatitis c virus (hcv) seropositivity in blood donors.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Behavioral medicine (Washington, D.C.)     Volume:  37     ISSN:  0896-4289     ISO Abbreviation:  Behav Med     Publication Date:  2011 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-09-07     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8804264     Medline TA:  Behav Med     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  77-80     Citation Subset:  IM    
a Louisiana State University , Louisiana State University Health Science Center-Earl K. Long Medical Center, and the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Self-regulatory skills usage strengthens the relations of self-efficacy for improved eating, exercis...
Next Document:  Cynical Hostility, Anger Expression Style, and Acute Myocardial Infarction in Middle-aged Japanese M...