Document Detail


Smoking, Depression, and Gender in Low-Income African Americans with HIV/AIDS.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21895424     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Individuals with HIV/AIDS have disproportionately high depression and smoking prevalence rates. Smokers with HIV/AIDS are more susceptible to opportunistic infections, smoking-related illnesses, and mortality. African Americans (AAs) comprise nearly half of newly diagnosed HIV+ cases. We examined the relationship among smoking, depression, and gender in un- or under-insured AA patients (N = 289) at an urban community HIV/AIDS clinic in the southeastern US. Approximately 33% met criteria for a depressive disorder and 37% endorsed current smoking status. Men were more likely than women to be current smokers and depressed participants were more likely to smoke than non-depressed participants. Women had significantly higher rates of depression compared to men. Both depression and male gender independently predicted current smoking status. Depression and smoking are likely to co-occur in HIV/AIDS patients; however, standard smoking cessation interventions often exclude smokers with comorbid psychiatric and/or medical illnesses. Interventions addressing these comorbidities are warranted.
Authors:
Diana W Stewart; Glenn N Jones; Kyle S Minor
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Behavioral medicine (Washington, D.C.)     Volume:  37     ISSN:  0896-4289     ISO Abbreviation:  Behav Med     Publication Date:  2011 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-09-07     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8804264     Medline TA:  Behav Med     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  77-80     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
a Louisiana State University , Louisiana State University Health Science Center-Earl K. Long Medical Center, and the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center.
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