Document Detail

Smokers can learn to influence their urge to smoke.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10708324     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Forty heavy smokers participated in a within-subject experiment in which the association between smoking-related cues and nicotine intake was made conditional on two neutral stimuli. Two colored cards indicated whether smoking-related cues, placed on the cards, would or would not be followed by nicotine intake. In the presence of each card, subjects were asked to rank their urge to smoke before and during the exposure to the smoking cues. The results of the present study revealed that the predictive value of a cue, in regard to the occurrence of nicotine intake, strongly determines its ability to generate craving. It was concluded that participants learned a modified predictive value of smoking cues, through a process of conditioning, and in this way influenced their urge to smoke. Furthermore, the findings suggest the reconditioning of CS-US associations as an aid in the treatment of smoking addiction.
M Dols; B Willems; M van den Hout; R Bittoun
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Addictive behaviors     Volume:  25     ISSN:  0306-4603     ISO Abbreviation:  Addict Behav     Publication Date:    2000 Jan-Feb
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-03-31     Completed Date:  2000-03-31     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7603486     Medline TA:  Addict Behav     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  103-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Maastricht University.
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MeSH Terms
Conditioning, Classical
Internal-External Control
Middle Aged
Nicotine / administration & dosage
Pain Measurement
Smoking / adverse effects,  psychology*
Smoking Cessation / psychology*
Reg. No./Substance:

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