Document Detail


Small and large fixed ratios with the same unit price.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  14998662     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Key pressing of rats was maintained under multiple and discrete-trial choice schedules with reinforcer units of 45 mg food pellets or 3.5 s dips of sucrose solution. Both smaller and larger fixed ratio (FR) schedules were associated with the same unit price in a manner, for example, that each of eight iterations of FR120 was associated with delivery of a single reinforcer unit and one instance of FR960 was associated with eight reinforcer units. FR requirement varied between 20 and 1560 per aggregate reinforcer and unit price varied between 20 and 240 per reinforcer unit. During multiple schedules with food reinforcers, rates and patterns of responding were comparable over nearly a 50-fold range of FR requirements (20-1380) when unit price was 20; over nearly a six-fold range of FR requirements (120-720) when unit price was 120; and was only marginally maintained when unit price was 240. Demand for food pellets was comparatively inelastic at FRs between 20 and 120, during which subjects did not receive supplemental feeding outside experimental sessions, but was elastic at FRs greater than 240, when subjects sometimes did receive supplemental feeding. In a discrete-trial choice procedure with a constant unit price of 120 for sucrose solution, subjects were indifferent between smaller FRs and alternative FRs as large as 480, but began switching away from larger FRs that were 600 or greater. Because responding had been comparably maintained under both FR120 and FRs as large as 960 in the multiple schedule, results from the choice procedure indicated that choice performance was influenced by variables other than FR requirement and unit price. Because aggregate reinforcers were the same for smaller and larger FRs, the most likely reason for preferring smaller FRs was the nearness in time to some reinforcer.
Authors:
James B Smith; Andrew W Gantert
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Behavioural processes     Volume:  65     ISSN:  0376-6357     ISO Abbreviation:  Behav. Processes     Publication Date:  2004 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-10-13     Completed Date:  2005-11-22     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7703854     Medline TA:  Behav Processes     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  253-67     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Mercer University, School of Pharmacy, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA.jbsmith@mindspring.com
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Behavior, Animal*
Feeding Behavior*
Male
Rats
Rats, Sprague-Dawley
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
DA-01987/DA/NIDA NIH HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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