Document Detail


Slowly forgetting the Pavlovian adventure?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16731497     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This paper analyses an interesting story, that of the physiologist Ivan Petrovitch Pavlov. While investigating the causes of salivary secretions in the waking, behaving dog, he discovered a class of causes that he called psychic, since they were associated with perceiving a visual, acoustic or other signal, delivered before food that normally created salivation. A temporary relationship was therefore established, between the secretory command and the cerebral site associated with an initially neutral stimulus that had become a signal. This gave rise to the "conditional reflex". Pavlov was probably not the first who had observed this kind of association, but he very skillfully exploited these data to create a coherent conceptual system. In 23 "lectures", he very precisely summarized his views and retraced the fundamental issues explaining the main features of the purely physiological cerebral command of behaviour. The Pavlovian system necessarily became, in the particular environment of the soviet regime, a kind of credo on physical-mental relationships based upon a generalized reflexology, not allowing any deviation, nor any dissidence, nor any concession to subjectivity. The notion of conditional reflex has indeed resisted to time, but number of subtleties of the Pavlovian thinking and many phenomena that he described now seem forgotten and to have lost much of their heuristic value. Most of the recent theories of learning have only rarely followed Pavlov's line, to concentrate on more complex learning modalities.
Authors:
Pierre Buser
Related Documents :
2798927 - A role for stimulus generalization in conditional discrimination learning.
11599637 - Second-order schedules of token reinforcement with pigeons: effects of fixed- and varia...
22244237 - Alternative and complementary treatment for food allergy.
523557 - Concurrent drinking by pigeons on fixed-interval reinforcement schedules.
23709137 - Preparing for the unthinkable, and taking action when it happens: disaster relief and p...
23102407 - Whole grains and health: attitudes to whole grains against a prevailing background of i...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Biography; Historical Article; Journal Article     Date:  2006-04-18
Journal Detail:
Title:  Comptes rendus biologies     Volume:  329     ISSN:  1631-0691     ISO Abbreviation:  C. R. Biol.     Publication Date:    2006 May-Jun
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-05-29     Completed Date:  2006-08-10     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101140040     Medline TA:  C R Biol     Country:  France    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  398-405     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
To cite this article: P. Buser, C. R. Biologies 329 (2006).
Affiliation:
Université Pierre et Marie Curie, UMR CNRS 7102, 9, quai Saint-Bernard, 75005 Paris, France. pierre.buser@snv.jussieu
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Behavior / physiology
Behavior, Animal / physiology
Conditioning, Classical*
Conditioning, Operant
History, 19th Century
Humans
Learning
Neurophysiology / history
Personal Name Subject
Personal Name Subject:
Ivan Petrovitch Pavlov

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Behaviourism and the mechanization of the mind.
Next Document:  Constantin von Monakow (1853-1930): a pioneer in interdisciplinary brain research and a humanist.